Dynamics of the Peace Process in Colombia

Peace mural in Colombia

Project Description

The project “dynamics of the peace process in Colombia” is both a research and a network project by which the Brandt School wants to investigate the implementation of the peace process in Colombia with a main focus on the reintegration process of former combatants and by which it intends to increase cooperation ties both in research and teaching with universities in Colombia.

The Willy Brandt School of Public Policy has been an associate member of the German-Colombian Peace Institute (CAPAZ) since 2018.

Output

Third-Party Funded Research Projects

2018-2019 – CAPAZ (German-Colombian Peace Research Institute)

Explorative Research Project on the Re-Integration of Former Combatants (with Universidad del Rosario Bogotá, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Bogotá, Red Adelco und CERSUR, Colombia), principal investigators: Solveig Richter & Laura Barrios Sabogal (now Universidad del Rosario)

2018 – Fritz-Thyssen-Stiftung

Research Project on „Political Reintegration of Former FARC Fighters and Elections 2018: Step Forward or Step Backward in the Peace Process in Colombia?”, principal investigators: Solveig Richter & Laura Barrios Sabogal (now Universidad del Rosario)

Publications

Solveig Richter (with Barrios Sabogal, L.C., Bottia Díaz, J., Restrepo Correa, A.) (2020): El nivel local sí hace la diferencia! Patrones de cooperación entre reincorporados de las FARC-EP y comunidades afectadas por el conflicto (The local level does make a difference! Patterns of cooperation between reincorporated FARC-EP members and communities affected by the conflict). CAPAZ, PB 1-2020. Bogotá, February 2020, 12 p.

Solveig Richter (with Barrios Sabogal, L.C.): (2019): „Las Farianas: Reintegration of former female FARC-EP fighters as drivers for the peace process in Colombia”, in Cuadernos de Economía, 38: 78, p. 753-784.

Conferences

High-level virtual panel discussion on the Colombia Peace Process

Prof. Richter organized in collaboration with CAPAZ a high-level panel discussion on  the Peace Process in Colombia during the time of CoViD-19. This discussion was moderated by the Junior Professor of International Conflict Management, Solveig Richter. Participants were the Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs in Germany, Niels Annen; the Special Presidential Advisor for Peace, Emilio Archila; the President of the Truth Commission in Colombia, Padre Francisco de Roux; researcher and director of the master program at Rosario University Bogotá, Laura Barrios, and the academic director of CAPAZ, Stefan Peters.

You can find the full version of the virtual panel discussion online.

 

CAPAZ Workshop "The Peace Process in Colombia: Security Reconfigurations and International Responses"

Between 23rd to 25th April of 2019, academics from Colombia, Germany, Spain, Switzerland and United Kingdom joined together at the Willy Brandt School of Public Policy for an international workshop on “The Peace process in Colombia: Security reconfigurations and International Responses” within the framework of the Brandt School’s associate membership in the German-Colombian Peace Institute CAPAZ. The workshop was organized by Junior Professor Prof. Dr. Solveig Richter as part of her research activities on post-conflict transformations in Colombia with the purpose of advancing an academic discourse on ongoing research projects and strengthening the network of academicians working on Colombia.

As part of the workshop, all students of the University of Erfurt were invited to a “Cáfe International” in Hörsaal 7, including a movie screening of the awarded documentary “Chocolate of Peace” and discussion with the director of the documentary Gwen Burnyeat. Also, typical Colombian food and snacks were shared during the Café International such as “Arroz con Pollo” or Calenazo.

In addition to the above, Andrei Gómez-Suarez gave a guest lecture on “Civil Society Support and Transnational Peacebuilding: Between Democracy Promotion and Political Interference” at the Willy Brandt School for all MPP students. He clearly showed to the students how changes at the top political level, namely the election of president Trump in the US and president Duque in Colombia negatively affected the implementation of the peace agreement at the local level.

CAPAZ International Conference: "Reintegration of former FARC combatants and 2018 elections: A step forward or backwards?"

From 14th-21st November 2018 Juniorprofessor for International Conflict Management Solveig Richter stayed in Colombia and presented the results of her recent research project on Colombia.

From 15th-16th November, she participated at CAPAZ International Conference on Transitional Justice and Territorial Peace. She gave a presentation in Pasto, Narino, with the title "Reincorporacion de ex-combatientes de las FARC y elecciones 2018: Progreso o retroceso del proceso de paz?", (Reintegration of former FARC combatants and 2018 elections: A step forward or backwards?). Prof. Richter argued that the peace process in Colombia is a step forward in terms of the high acceptance of the electoral results by the conflict actors and as well because of the transformation of the rebel group in a political party. But at the same time, it is also a step backwards since some specific elements of this process are highly contested like the latent uncertainty especially regarding the political participation of potential war criminals without being judged or the security assurances and the possibility of a rearmament by the former rebels.

In Bogotá, Prof. Richter gave two presentations at Rosario University and Los Andes University on Elections in Post-Conflict Colombia: Bridging the Legitimacy Gap of the Peace Process? Her presentation addressed the question in how far the parliamentary and presidential elections in 2018 affected the peace implementation in Colombia. notably the legitimacy of the peace process. She argued that the elections were able to bridge a legitimacy gap between a general commitment to a more peaceful society and contestation of specific components of the settlement, especially the concessions to the former rebel group FARC-EP. In order to explain that observation one has to refer to a 'reversed-legitimacy-effect' of the elections, reversing the commitment for the peace process between the local and the national level. The presentations were based on longitudinal media content analysis during the elections 2018, ethnographic field research in two ETCR in Caquetá and Tolima and a community-based micro survey in conflict-affected communities in these regions.

CAPAZ International Conference "Reintegration of former FARC combatants and 2018 elections: A step forward or backwards"

From 14th-21st November 2018 Juniorprofessor for International Conflict Management Solveig Richter stayed in Colombia and presented the results of her recent research project on Colombia.

From 15th-16th November, she participated at CAPAZ International Conference on Transitional Justice and Territorial Peace. She gave a presentation in Pasto, Narino, with the title "Reincorporacion de ex-combatientes de las FARC y elecciones 2018: Progreso o retroceso del proceso de paz?", (Reintegration of former FARC combatants and 2018 elections: A step forward or backwards?). Prof. Richter argued that the peace process in Colombia is a step forward in terms of the high acceptance of the electoral results by the conflict actors and as well because of the transformation of the rebel group in a political party. But at the same time, it is also a step backwards since some specific elements of this process are highly contested like the latent uncertainty especially regarding the political participation of potential war criminals without being judged or the security assurances and the possibility of a rearmament by the former rebels.

In Bogotá, Prof. Richter gave two presentations at Rosario University and Los Andes University on Elections in Post-Conflict Colombia: Bridging the Legitimacy Gap of the Peace Process? Her presentation addressed the question in how far the parliamentary and presidential elections in 2018 affected the peace implementation in Colombia. notably the legitimacy of the peace process. She argued that the elections were able to bridge a legitimacy gap between a general commitment to a more peaceful society and contestation of specific components of the settlement, especially the concessions to the former rebel group FARC-EP. In order to explain that observation one has to refer to a 'reversed-legitimacy-effect' of the elections, reversing the commitment for the peace process between the local and the national level. The presentations were based on longitudinal media content analysis during the elections 2018, ethnographic field research in two ETCR in Caquetá and Tolima and a community-based micro survey in conflict-affected communities in these regions.

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This project is in cooperation with CAPAZ (German-Colombian Peace Institute), Universidad del Rosario Bogotá, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Bogotá, and CERSUR, Huila, Colombia.

News

“Christchild” is the debut short film for a group of students from the Willy Brandt School of Public Policy.