University of Erfurt

Gotha Research Centre of the University of Erfurt

Projekt von Dr. Ayman Yasin Atat

“Rawḍat Al-ʿiṭr” Manuscript: A Comparative Study between the Copies of Süleymaniye Library and Gotha Research Library

In the beginning of the fifteenth century AD in the early Ottoman period a very important pharmaceutical encyclopedia “Rawḍat al-ʿiṭr” (Garden of Perfumes/Pharmacy) was written. Its author Mohammed bin Mahmoud al-Shirwānī says that: it was developed to be the complete integrated reference for all workers in the field of pharmacy, including all important issues needed by the pharmacists such as the identification of the appropriate preparation methods and the pharmaceutical materials. In addition, it offers a scientific and historical summary of the evolution of pharmaceutical sciences in the Arab civilizations and in the beginning of the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century.

There is no printed copy of this manuscript, and up to the present day only two copies of it are known: The first one is in the Süleymaniye library in Istanbul Turkey, within the Hacı Beşir Ağa collection (n. 506), and the second one is at the Gotha Research Library in Germany (Ms. orient. A 2015). Therefore, this research aims at conducting a comparative study including both copies in order to understand the history of the text. This comparison between the two versions will help to arrive at an integrated edition of the “Rawḍat al-ʻiṭr” manuscript for a full understanding of the contents and the pharmaceutical formulas contained in it.

Kurzbiographie

Ayman Yasin Atat, he is a pharmacist, obtained his PhD degree on history of medical science in 2014, then worked for two years as postdoc fellow at Istanbul University, and since 2017 he has been working at TU Braunschweig in Germany as a Philipp Schwartz Fellow funded by Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and supported by the Federal Foreign Office. His main research fields are Arabic traditional materia medica, history of Arabic pharmacy and medicine; in addition studying and editing Arabic medical manuscripts.

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