Doktorand (Max Weber Centre for Advanced Cultural and Social Studies)

Contact

Max-Weber-Kolleg (Steinplatz 2) / Raum 510 (4. OG)

+49 361 737-2809

Office hours

nach Vereinbarung

Visiting address

Max-Weber-Kolleg für kultur- und sozialwissenschaftliche Studien
Steinplatz 2
99085 Erfurt

Mailing address

Universität Erfurt
Max-Weber-Kolleg für kultur- und sozialwissenschaftliche Studien
Postfach 90 02 21
99105 Erfurt

Winfried Kumpitsch

Personal Information

Curriculum Vitae

  • 2012-2015: Bachelorstudium Alte Geschichte und Altertumskunde an der  KarlFranzens-Universität Graz (Rom und die Sklavenaufstände im 2. und 1. Jh. v. Chr.) 
  • 2015-2018: Masterstudium Alte Geschichte und Altertumskunde an der  Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz (Christen im römischen Heer)
  • 2016: Beginn Masterstudium Religionswissenschaft an der Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, 2018 wegen Doktorat unterbrochen
  • 2018: Beginn Doktoratsstudium Alte Gesichte und Altertumskunde im Rahmen des Internationalen Graduiertenkollegs: „Resonante Weltbeziehungen in sozio-religiösen Praktiken in Antike und Gegenwart" Max-Weber-Kolleg Universität Erfurt und Universität Graz 

Research Project

The Influence of Christian Military Saints on the Development of a Christian Soldier Ideal

The dissertation project, which has developed from my master thesis “Christen im römischen Heer“, investigates, on basis of the theory of resonance by Hartmut Rosa, to what degree in the time between the Constantinian turn and the 6th. Century AD the necessity arose to replace the old resonance axes with Christian ones within the Roman military. In particular my research questions whether early Christian martyrdom reports or cults of the saints had an influence on the development of a Christian soldier ideal.

With the Milan Tolerance Agreement of Constanine I. and Licinius 313 AD the Christian religion became accepted and a change of values within the Roman empire started. In the following centuries the Christian religion spread within the empire, and received a legislative backup in 380 AD with the declaration as state religion by Theodosius I.. Yet the old cults were still practiced within the Roman military, which raises the question how Christianity replaced the old resonance axes, which were responsible for the creation of loyality within the army and towards the Emperor, by new ones. It is possible that in this process the military martyrs had some influence as propagators of a Christian soldier ideal.

This seems possible, because in the biography of military saints we can detect different goals when characterizing the saints, e.g. Eucherius describes in the Passio Acaunensium St. Mauritius, the commander of the Thebean Legion not only with traditional virtues like courage and loyality, but also as well-read in the holy scriptures. On the other hand in his Vita Sancti Martini Sulpicius Severus characterizes the military service of Martin peaceful and more focused on prayer and ascetism. This, however, didn´t stop Chlodwig I. to make Martin the patron and battle helper of the Merowingians.

The scientific relevance is that when the resonance theory is successfully used, a window is opened into a time of an overall change of values.