Research Associate (Seminar für Medien- und Kommunikationswissenschaft)

Office hours

by appointment

Visiting address

Universität Erfurt
Lehrgebäude 4, Raum 223
Nordhäuser Str. 63
99089 Erfurt

Mailing address

Universität Erfurt
Seminar für Medien- und Kommunikationswissenschaft
900221 Erfurt

Dr. Philipp Sprengholz

Philipp Sprengholz received his M.Sc. in Cognitive Neuroscience and Cognitive Psychology from Friedrich Schiller University Jena in 2018. In his dissertation project, he investigated the effects of coercive and rewarding measures for increasing vaccination uptake. He is interested in applying state of the art technology as well as implicit methods in his research. Before becoming a psychologist, Philipp Sprengholz graduated in engineering and gathered several years of professional experience in the IT industry.

Curriculum Vitae

Academic career     

  • 2018 – 2022           Dissertation in Health Psychology, University of Erfurt
  • 2016 – 2018           Master of Science in Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Friedrich Schiller University Jena
  • 2013 – 2016           Bachelor of Science in Psychology, University of Hagen
  • 2011 – 2012           Master of Science in Business Administration and Engineering, Ernst Abbe University of Applied Sciences Jena
  • 2007 – 2011           Bachelor of Science in Business Administration and Engineering, Ernst Abbe University if Applied Science Jena


  • 2018 – present      University of Erfurt, Research Associate (100%). Research project "COSMO - COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring"
  • 2012 – 2020           Engineer at Carl Zeiss Microscopy, Jena


  • Sprengholz, P., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., & Betsch, C. (2022). A lay perspective on prioritization for intensive care in pandemic times: Vaccination status matters. Clinical Ethics. 
  • Sprengholz, P., Felgendreff, L., Böhm, R., & Betsch, C. (2022). Vaccination policy reactance: Predictors, consequences, and countermeasures. Journal of health psychology, 27(6). 
  • Korn, L., Siegers, R., Eitze, S., Sprengholz, P., Taubert, F., Böhm, R., & Betsch, C. (2022). Age Differences in COVID-19 Preventive Behavior. European Psychologist, 26(4). 
  • Sprengholz, P., Korn, L., Eitze, S., Felgendreff, L., Siegers, R., Goldhahn, L., ... & Betsch, C. (2022). Attitude toward a mandatory COVID-19 vaccination policy and its determinants: Evidence from serial cross-sectional surveys conducted throughout the pandemic in Germany. Vaccine. 
  • Sprengholz, P., Betsch, C., & Böhm, R. (2021). Reactance revisited: Consequences of mandatory and scarce vaccination in the case of COVID‐19. Applied Psychology: Health and Well‐Being, 13(4). 
  • Betsch, C., & Sprengholz, P. (2021). The human factor between airborne pollen concentrations and COVID-19 disease dynamics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(34). 
  • Sprengholz, P., & Betsch, C. (2021). Ok Google: Using virtual assistants for data collection in psychological and behavioral research. Behavior Research Methods. 
  • Schreckenbach, F., Sprengholz, P., Rothermund, K., & Koranyi, N. (2021). How to Remember Something You Didn't Say. Experimental Psychology, 67(6). 
  • Adeyanju, G. C., Sprengholz, P., Betsch, C., & Essoh, T. A. (2021). Caregivers’ Willingness to Vaccinate Their Children against Childhood Diseases and Human Papillomavirus: A Cross-Sectional Study on Vaccine Hesitancy in Malawi. Vaccines, 9(11). 
  • Sprengholz, P., & Betsch, C. (2021). Zero-sum or worse? Considering detrimental effects of selective mandates on voluntary childhood vaccinations. The Journal of Pediatrics, 240. 
  • Betsch, C., Sprengholz, P., Siegers, R., Eitze, S., Korn, L., Goldhahn, L., ... & Jenny, M. A. (2021). Empirical evidence to understand the human factor for effective rapid testing against SARS-CoV-2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(32). 
  • Sprengholz, P., & Betsch, C. (2021). Previous SARS‐CoV‐2 infection is linked to lower vaccination intentions. Journal of Medical Virology, 93. 
  • Sprengholz, P., Siegers, R., Goldhahn, L., Eitze, S., & Betsch, C. (2021). Good night: Experimental evidence that nighttime curfews may fuel disease dynamics by increasing contact density. Social Science & Medicine, 286. 
  • König, H. H., De Bock, F., Sprengholz, P., Kretzler, B., & Hajek, A. (2021). Willingness to bear economic costs of measures against SARS-CoV-2 in Germany. BMC public health, 21(1). 
  • Felgendreff, L., Korn, L., Sprengholz, P., Eitze, S., Siegers, R., & Betsch, C. (2021). Risk information alone is not sufficient to reduce optimistic bias. Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy, 17(5). 
  • Sprengholz, P., Korn, L., Eitze, S., & Betsch, C. (2021). Allocation of COVID-19 vaccination: when public prioritisation preferences differ from official regulations. Journal of medical ethics, 47(7). 
  • Hajek, A., De Bock, F., Sprengholz, P., Kretzler, B., & König, H. H. (2021). Attitudes towards the economic costs associated with measures against the spread of COVID-19: Population perceptions from repeated cross-sectional data of the nationally representative COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring in Germany (COSMO). PloS one, 16(11). 
  • Sprengholz, P., Eitze, S., Korn, L., Siegers, R., & Betsch, C. (2021). The power of choice: Experimental evidence that freedom to choose a vaccine against COVID-19 improves willingness to be vaccinated. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 87. 
  • Eitze, S., Felgendreff, L., Korn, L., Sprengholz, P., Allen, J., Jenny, M. A., ... & Betsch, C. (2021). Public trust in institutions in the first half of the Corona pandemic: findings from the COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) project. Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz, 64. 
  • Sprengholz, P., Eitze, S., Felgendreff, L., Korn, L., & Betsch, C. (2021). Money is not everything: experimental evidence that payments do not increase willingness to be vaccinated against COVID-19. Journal of Medical Ethics, 47(8). 
  • Hajek, A., De Bock, F., Wieler, L. H., Sprengholz, P., Kretzler, B., & König, H. H. (2020). Perceptions of health care use in Germany during the COVID-19 pandemic. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(24). 
  • Gilan, D., Röthke, N., Blessin, M., Kunzler, A., Stoffers-Winterling, J., Müssig, M., … & Lieb, K. (2020). Psychomorbidity, resilience, and exacerbating and protective factors during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, 117(38). 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Sprengholz, P., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., & Böhm, R. (2020). Social and behavioral consequences of mask policies during the COVID-19 pandemic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(36). 
  • Habersaat, K., Betsch, C., Danchin, M., Sunstein, C. R., Böhm, R., Falk, A., ... & Butler, R. (2020). Ten considerations for effectively managing the COVID-19 transition. Nature human behaviour, 4(7). 
  • Sprengholz, P., & Betsch, C. (2020). Herd immunity communication counters detrimental effects of selective vaccination mandates: Experimental evidence. EClinicalMedicine, 22. 


  • Sprengholz, P., Henkel, L., Böhm, R., Betsch, C. (2022). Different interventions for different vaccinations? Effects of psychological factors and health policies on COVID-19 primary and booster vaccine uptake.
  • Henkel, L., Sprengholz, P., Korn, L., Betsch, C., & Böhm, R. (2022). Understanding the trouble spot: Does vaccination status identification fuel societal polarization?
  • Böhm, R., Betsch, C., Litovsky, Y., Sprengholz, P., Brewer, N., Chapman, G., ... & Kirchler, M. (2022). Crowdsourcing interventions to promote uptake of COVID-19 booster vaccines.
  • Sprengholz, P., Henkel, L., Betsch, C. (2022). Payments and freedoms: Effects of monetary and legal incentives on COVID-19 vaccination intentions in Germany.