Postdoc H2020 Project "Jiu-Jitsu with Misinformation in the Age of Covid: Using Refutation-based Learning to Enhance Vaccine Uptake and Knowledge among Healthcare Professionals and the Public" (Seminar für Medien- und Kommunikationswissenschaft)

Contact

Lehrgebäude 4 / E23

Office hours

ausschließlich online unter:

Projekt Webseite

Visiting address

Campus
Nordhäuser Str. 63
99089 Erfurt

Mailing address

Universität Erfurt
Philosophische Fakultät | Seminar für Medien- und Kommunikationswissenschaft |
Gesundheitskommunikation
Nordhäuser Str. 63
99089 Erfurt

Dr. phil. Philipp Schmid

Background

Philipp Schmid aims to analyse the impact of messages of science denialism on individuals’ health decision-making and to design interventions to reduce their persuasive influence.

Science denialism is an approach that has the ultimate goal of rejecting a proposition on which a scientific consensus exists. In the age of mass media, science denialism has multiplied its reach and availability, threatening the acceptance and lifesaving use of health-treatments and prevention behavior – e.g. HIV-treatments or vaccines. Deniers use different techniques, such as conspiracy theories or false logic, to promote their messages of science denial.

To understand the impact of messages of science denialism on individuals’ health decisions, Philipp Schmid applies an empirical judgement and decision-making perspective. In addition, he uses literature from the fields of debunking, inoculation and rebuttal to design and test promising interventions. His aim is to generate basic research findings applicable to recommendations and guidelines for health authorities.

Philipp Schmid's personal website

Areas of expertisepsychology, health decision-making, persuasion, mis-disinformation, science denialism

Curriculum Vitae

Academic career                            

  • 2015 – 2020          Dissertation in Psychology (Dr. phil.), University of Erfurt
  • 2013 – 2015          Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Psychology, University of Erfurt
  • 2010 – 2013          Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Psychology, University of Erfurt

Employment

  • 2021 – present     University of Erfurt, Post-doctoral researcher (100%): Research project "JITSUVAX", co-funded by the Horizon 2020 programme of the European Union
  • 2020 – 2021          University of Erfurt, Department of Psychology, Interim lecturer for statistics and methods
  • 2016 – 2020          University of Erfurt, Research associate: Research project "Vaccination60+", funded by the German Ministry of Education and Research.
  • 2015 – 2016         Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Research associate: Research project "Increasing Influenza Vaccine Uptake: Targeting Health-Care Personnel.”, funded by Deutsches Zentrum für Infektionsforschung (DZIF)
  • 2011 – 2015          University of Erfurt, student research assistant

Scientific consultancies

  • 2021                      World Health Organization (WHO), Regional Office for Europe
  • 2020                      World Health Organization (WHO), Headquarter
  • 2015 – 2019          World Health Organization (WHO), Regional Office for Europe

Full CV for Dr. Philipp Schmid

Publications

  • Lewandowsky, S., Armaos, K., Bruns, H., Schmid, P., Holford, D. L., Hahn, U., Al-Rawi, A., Sah, S., & Cook, J. (2022). When Science Becomes Embroiled in Conflict: Recognizing the Public’s Need for Debate while Combating Conspiracies and Misinformation. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 700(1), 26–40. https://doi.org/10.1177/00027162221084663
  • Lewandowsky, S., Cook, J., Ecker, U. K. H., Albarracín, D., Amazeen, M. A., Kendeou, P., Lombardi, D., Newman, E. J., Pennycook, G., Porter, E. Rand, D. G., Rapp, D. N., Reifler, J., Roozenbeek, J., Schmid, P., Seifert, C. M., Sinatra, G. M., Swire-Thompson, B., van der Linden, S., Vraga, E. K., Wood, T. J., Zaragoza, M. S. (2020). The Debunking Handbook 2020. Available at https://sks.to/db2020. DOI:10.17910/b7.1182
  • Schmid, P., Schwarzer, M., & Betsch, C. (2020). Weight-of-Evidence Strategies to Mitigate the Influence of Messages of Science Denialism in Public Discussions. Journal of Cognition3(1), 36. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/joc.125
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Sprengholz, P., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., & Böhm, R. (2020). Social and behavioral consequences of mask policies during the COVID-19 pandemic. P Natl Acad Sci USAhttps://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2011674117.
  • Habersaat, K., Betsch, C., Danchin, M., Sunstein, C., Böhm, R., Falk, A., Brewer, N.T., Omer, S.B., Scherzer, M., Sah, S., Fischer, E.F., Scheel, A.E., Fancourt, D., Kitayama, S., Dubé, E., Leask, J., Dutta, M., MacDonald, N.E., Temkina, A., Lieberoth, A., Jackson, M. Lewandowsky, S., Seale, H., Fiethe, N., Schmid, P., Gelfand, M., Korn, L., Eitze, S., Felgendreff, L. Sprengholz, P., Salvi, C., Butler, R (2020). Ten considerations for effectively managing the COVID-19 transition. Nat Hum Behavdoi.org/10.1038/s41562-020-0906-x  
  • Betsch, C., Wieler, L.H., Habersaat, K. and the COSMO group (2020). Rapid, flexible, cost-effective monitoring tool for behavioural insights related to COVID-19 across countries. The Lancet, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30729-7
    • The COSMO group for this paper are: Cornelia Betsch (PI), Lars Korn, Lisa Felgendreff, Sarah Eitze, Philipp Schmid, Philipp Sprengholz (University of Erfurt), Lothar H Wieler, Patrick Schmich (Robert Koch-Institute), Volker Stollorz (Science Media Center Germany), Michael Ramharter (Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine), Michael Bosnjak (Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information), Saad B. Omer (Yale Institute for Global Health), Katrine Habersaat, Martha Scherzer and Cristiana Salvi (WHO Regional Office for Europe).
  • Schmid, P., & Betsch, C. (2019). Effective strategies for rebutting science denialism in public discussions. Nature Human Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-019-0632-4 
  • Betsch, C., Böhm, R., Schmid, P., Korn, L., Steinmeyer, L., Heinemeier, D., Eitze, S. & Küpke, N.K. (2019). Impfverhalten psychologisch erklären, messen und verändern. Bundesgesundheitsblatt, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-019-02900-6 
  • Betsch C, Schmid P, Heinemeier D, Korn L, Holtmann C, Böhm R (2018) Beyond confidence: Development of a measure assessing the 5C psychological antecedents of vaccination. PLoS ONE 13(12): e0208601. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0208601  Open Data Open Material
  • Betsch, C., Rossmann, C., Pletz, M.W., Vollmar, H.C., Freytag, A., Wichmann, O., Hanke, R., Hanke, W., Heinemeier, D., Schmid, P., Eitze, S., Weber, W., Reinhardt, A., Küpke, N.K., Forstner, C., Fleischmann-Struzek, C., Mikolajetz, A., Römhild, J., Neufeind, J., Rieck, T., Suchecka, K., Reinhart, K. (2018). Increasing influenza and pneumococcal vaccine uptake in the elderly: Study protocol for the multi-methods prospective intervention study Vaccination60+. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 885. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5787-9 
  • Betsch, C., Bödeker, B., Schmid, P., & Wichmann, O. (2018). How baby’s first shot determines the development of maternal attitudes towards vaccination. Vaccine, 36(21), 3018-3026.
  • Schmid, P., MacDonald, N. E., Habersaat, K., & Butler, R. (2018). Commentary to: How to respond to vocal vaccine deniers in public. Vaccine, 36, 196-198. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.09.065 
  • Betsch, C., Schmid, P., Holtmann, C., Heinemeier, D. & Korn, L. (2018). Erklärung und Veränderung von Präventionsverhalten. In:  Kohlmann, C.-W., Salewski, C., Wirtz, M. A. (Hrsg.) (2018). Psychologie in der Gesundheitsförderung. Bern: Hogrefe.
  • Schmid P, Rauber D, Betsch C, Lidolt G, Denker M-L (2017) Barriers of Influenza Vaccination Intention and Behavior – A Systematic Review of Influenza Vaccine Hesitancy, 2005 – 2016. PLoS ONE 12(1): e0170550. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170550  Open Data
  • World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe (2017). Vaccination and trust - How concerns arise and the role of communication in mitigating crises. Authored by Cornelia Betsch, Constanze Rossmann, Katrine Bach-Habersaat, Philipp Schmid, Cindy Holtmann, Lars Korn, Jascha Wiehn, Linda Mummer.
  • World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe (2016). Best practice guidance: How to respond to vocal vaccine deniers in public. Authored by Philipp Schmid, Noni MacDonald, Katrine Habersaat, Robb Butler.
  • Betsch, C., Haase, N., Renkewitz, F. & Schmid, P. (2015). The narrative bias revisited: What drives the biasing influence of narrative information on risk perceptions? Judgment and Decision Making, 10, 241-264.
  • Betsch, C. & Schmid, P. (2012). Angst essen Impfbereitschaft auf? Der Einfluss kognitiver und affektiver Faktoren auf die Risikowahrnehmung im Ausbruchsgeschehen. [The influence of cognitive and affective aspects of risk perception during outbreaks.] Bundesgesundheitsblatt, 56, 124-130.

Preprints

  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., & Von Rüden, U. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 17 (21.07.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.3156 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., & Von Rüden, U. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 16 (07.07.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.3155
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., Lämmlin, G., & Ahrens, P.-A. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 15 (23.06.2020). PsychArchives. doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.3142
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., Krauth, C., Bruder, M., Eger, J., Faust, J., & Schneider, S. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 14 (09.06.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.3141 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., & Lieb, K. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 13 (26.05.2020). PsychArchives. http://dx.doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.3054 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., Ebert, C., Steinert, J., & Bruder, M. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 12 (19.05.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.3023 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., Crocket, M., Brockmann, D., & Schlosser, F. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 11 (12.05.2020). PsychArchives. http://dx.doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.3022 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., & Imhoff, R. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 10 (05.05.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.2900
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., Crockett, M., Krauth, C., Brockmann, D., & Schlosser, F. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 9 (28.04.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.2890 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., Bruder, M., Eger, J., Schneiderm S, Lieb, K., & König, H.-H. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 8 (21.04.2020). PsychArchives. http://dx.doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.2883 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., Lämmlin, G., & Ahrens, P.-A. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 7 (14.04.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.2875 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., Ebert, C., & Steinert, J. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 6 (07.04.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.2874 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., Lieb, K., & Thrull, J. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 5 (31.03.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.2863 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., Lieb, K., Thrull, J., & Lämmlin, G. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 4 (24.03.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.2862 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., & Omer, S. B. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 3 (17.03.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.2861 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., & Omer, S. B. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 2 (13.03.2020). PsychArchives. http://dx.doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.2860 
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., & Omer, S. B. (2020). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) - Welle 1 (03.03.2020). PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.2859

Talks

  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2018). How to respond to persuasive messages of vaccine deniers in public debates. The Risk and Uncertainty Conference (RUC), Amsterdam (Netherlands).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2018). How to respond to persuasive messages of vaccine deniers - Experimental verification of a two-dimensional debunking strategy. International Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Amsterdam (Netherlands).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2018). Debunking of persuasive messages of vaccine denial; An empirical verification of a two dimensional debunking strategy [Persuasive Botschaften von Impfgegnern entkräften; Experimentelle Überprüfung einer zweidimensionalen Debunking Strategie] Update 2. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie (DGPS), Frankfurt (Germany).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2018). Fake news und Mythen im Gesundheitsbereich entkräften. Was funktioniert? Ein psychologischer Blick. Herbstsymposium Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. (IQWiG), Köln (Germany).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2018). How to respond to vocal vaccine deniers in public. Fondation Merieux: Strategies to Increase Vaccine Acceptance and Uptake, Annecy (France).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2017). Debunking of persuasive messages of vaccine denial; An empirical verification of a two dimensional debunking strategy [Persuasive Botschaften von Impfgegnern entkräften; Experimentelle Überprüfung einer zweidimensionalen Debunking Strategie] Update 1. 2.Jahrestagung der DGPuK - Fachgruppe Gesundheitskommunikation, Erfurt (Germany).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2017). Debunking of persuasive messages of vaccine denial; An empirical verification of a two dimensional debunking strategy [Persuasive Botschaften von Impfgegnern entkräften; Experimentelle Überprüfung einer zweidimensionalen Debunking Strategie]. Kongress für Gesundheitspsychologie (DGPS), Siegen (Germany).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2017). Impfcompliance – Psychologische Erklärungs- und Interventionsansätze. 31. Freiburger Symposium Arbeitsmedizin im Gesundheitsdienst, Freiburg (Germany).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2017). Vaccination; A social decision. [Impfen als soziale Entscheidung]. 25. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Pädiatrische Infektiologie e. V. (DGPI), Dresden (Germany).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2016). Vaccine Scepticism, Vaccine Criticism, Vaccine Hesitancy, [Impfskepsis, Impfkritik, Impfmüdigkeit]. Workshop des ÄKBV Ärztlicher Kreis- und Bezirksverband München, München (Germany).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2016). The Four Reasons of Vaccine Refusal – Development of a Measurement Tool. [Die 4 Gründe von Impfverweigerung – Entwicklung und Validierung eines Messinstruments]. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie (DGPS), Leipzig (Germany).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2016). Hesitancy Issues for Influenza Vaccination: A Literature Review. Third WHO Consultation on Global Action Plan for Influenza Vaccines (GAP III). Geneva (Switzerland).
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C., (2016). Psychology of Vaccine Decision Making [Die Psychologie der Impfentscheidung] in Vaccination in Austria – Status Quo and Quo Vadis. Forum Alpbach, Alpbach (Austria).