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Natural Law 1625-1850. An International Research Project (Halle/Erfurt)

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AFTER PUFENDORF: NATURAL LAW AND THE PASSIONS IN GERMANY AND SCOTLAND

Natural Law 1625-1850:

An International Research Project

Conference in St. Andrews, Scotland, 24–27 October 2018

 ‘After Pufendorf: Natural law and the passions in Germany and Scotland’

 

Supported by St. Andrews Institute of Intellectual History, Scottish Philosophical Association and Interdisciplinary Centre for European Enlightenment Studies (Halle)

 

By the middle of the eighteenth century, a number of authors who taught and wrote about natural law saw themselves as being engaged in a very different intellectual and academic activity than that of the natural lawyers of earlier generations. While staying within the mode of natural law, the deep-going revision that they understood themselves to be undertaking – each in their separate way – was to shift the idea of natural law as something that human nature needed somehow to have imposed upon it to the idea of natural law as in some sense inherent in human nature itself. Furthermore, they saw the relevant aspects of human nature to be the emotions or passions that drove people in their active lives. This development in natural law thinking has been referred to as an anthropological approach, as a turn from law to moral philosophy, as the formulation of a ‘Recht des Gefühls’, as a sentimental natural law, etc.

It was a line of argument that took several different forms and was articulated in quite different contexts, yet it is recognizable in thinkers as different as Johann Jacob Schmauss in Göttingen and Adam Smith in Glasgow. It was, however, a development that had started much earlier as part of the intense debates at the turn of the century about the nature and validity of Samuel Pufendorf’s natural law. Philosophers, legal theorists and theologians associated with the new university in Halle were the leading disputants, and a particularly important turning point in the debates about Pufendorf was Christian Thomasius’ abnegation during the early years of the new century of the deeply Pufendorfian ideas of natural law that he had been propagating with great impact previously.

Only a few years later, we see a reaction against Pufendorf in Scotland that has a number of strikingly similar features to that in Germany. Here the leading figure was Francis Hutcheson who had a broad influence on the intellectual culture that we now refer to as the Scottish Enlightenment and among whose students was Adam Smith. Across deep differences in philosophical, theological, legal and political contexts in Germany and Scotland the similarities in thoughts about natural law are striking, not only because of the idea of the passionate foundations for natural law, but also because these ideas in both cultural spheres led to some of the sharpest formulations of rights theories and to a historicisation of morality and law that pointed towards the dissolution of the natural law language. While acknowledging the many differences between the German and the Scottish thinkers, similarites such as these are so intriguing that they warrant joint consideration in a conference.

For further details, please contact either Frank Grunert (frank.grunert@izea.uni-halle.de) or Knud Haakonssen (k.haakonssen@gmail.com).

Programme

GROTIUS AND THE ENGLISH ENLIGHTENMENT

Dr. Marco Barducci (Perugia): Grotius and the English Enlightenment. Questions and Perspektives.


Round-table-Gespräch in Kooperation mit dem Interdisziplinären Zentrum für die Erforschung der Europäischen Aufklärung der Universität Halle-Wittenberg. 
27. Juli 2018, 10:00 Uhr IZEA, Christian-Thomasius-Zimmer

WORKSHOP: NATURAL LAW IN EASTERN EUROPE

NATURAL LAW IN EASTERN EUROPE
FORSCHUNGSSTELLE FÜR FRÜHNEUZEITLICHES NATURRECHT
MAX-WEBER-KOLLEG, ERFURT
24.01.2018

A workshop in the network ‘Natural Law, 1625-1850’

11.00-11.30: Knud Haakonssen (Erfurt/St. Andrews)
Welcome and introduction

11.30-12.30: Péter Balázs (Szeged)
‘Pufendorf in Hungarian and Transylvanian Collections’

14.00-15.00: Gábor Gángó (Erfurt/Budapest)
‘Pufendorf's reception in the academic gymnasia of Toruń and Elbląg under Ernest König's directorship’

15.00-16.00: Ivo Cerman (České Budějovice)
‘The Chairs of natural law in Vienna and Prague’

16.15.-17.15: Martin Mulsow (Erfurt/Gotha), Chair
Round-table on future work on natural law in Eastern Europe

The meeting will be held in Room 805 on the 7th floor of the Max-Weber-Kolleg, Steinplatz 2, 99085 Erfurt (https://www.uni-erfurt.de/max-weber-kolleg/). For further information, please contact either Gábor Gángó (gabor.gango@uni-erfurt.de) or Knud Haakonssen (knud.haakonssen@uni-erfurt.de).

WORKSHOP: HEUMANNS »COLLEGIUM JURIS NATURAE«.

Workshop:
Heumanns »Collegium Juris naturae«.
Zugänge zu einem noch unbekannten Manuskript.
Forschungszentrum Gotha
Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
8. November 2017

Programm

13.30-14.15    Martin Mulsow: Einleitung: Vom Nutzen des Naturrechts und seinen litterärischen
                        Hilfsmitteln (= Prolegomena und Appendix).
14.15-15.00    Knud Haakonssen: Das Recht allgemein. (= Cap. I.)
15.00-15.30    - Kaffeepause-
15.30-16.15    Frank Grunert: Gewissen, Willen, moralisches Handeln. (= Cap. II. u. III.)
16.15-17.00    Gideon Stiening: Honestum – Decorum – Iustum: Von den Prinzipien des Naturrechts.
                        (= Cap. IV.)
17.00-17.30    - Kaffeepause-
17.30-18.15    Holger Glinka: Pflichten gegen Gott, sich selbst und andere. (= Cap. V., VI., VII.)
18.15-19.00    Oliver Bach: Nutzen und Rechte des Staates. (Cap. XI)
19.30              - Abendessen-

NETWORK CONFERENCE 2016

Love as the principle of natural law. The natural law of Johann Gottlieb Heineccius and its context

24 - 26 November 2016, Christian-Wolff-Haus, Halle (Saale)

Organisers: Frank Grunert & Knud Haakonssen

Programme

NETWORK CONFERENCE 2015

The Law of Nations and Natural Law 1625-1850

9 to 12 October 2013, IZEA and Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

Organisers: Simone Zurbuchen & Lisa Broussois

Programme (pdf)

NETWORK CONFERENCE 2013

Natural Law as an academic subject 1625-1850

9 to 12 October 2013, IZEA and Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

Organisers: Heiner Lück, Frank Grunert & Dominik Recknagel

Programme (pdf)

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