Universität Erfurt

Herzlich willkommen auf den Seiten der Zeitschrift "Theologie der Gegenwart"

Abstracts

Abstracts ThG 4/17

FELICITAS HOPPE
Wie pfeift man das Johannesevangelium? Über Autorität und Eigensinn

History is characterized by constant movements and powers that both create order and destroy it while replacing old authorities by new ones. This is mirrored in the setting of societal norms of formation in the fields of education, science, religion, and art. The paper investigates the historical interplay of authority and subversion. By means of selected examples from literature, the article explores their political power to build society and their facilities for self-determination and freedom beyond norms and censorship.


NIKOLAUS G. SCHNEIDER
Lesen, Schreiben, Übertragen. Zur kulturellen Bedeutung des Übersetzens für die Bildung

Stressing the crucial role of language(s) for concepts like education, intercultural communication as well as mental development and agility in general, the essay introduces various approaches to translation theory, exemplified by Martin Luther and Friedrich Schleiermacher. Drawing on the author’s substantial hands-on experience as translator of numerous art- and cultural-historical, philosophical and other texts, it contrasts these theoretical notions with the requirements and challenges of the daily translational practice in the age of Rosetta Stone and other automated translation programmes.


HOLGER ZABOROWSKI
Nach dem Posthumanismus
Bildung, Politik und der Stachel christlicher Erinnerung

This essay focuses on the contemporary debate about education. This debate, it argues, is more often than not characterized by a pragmatic exclusion both of the wider political and social and of the wider philosophical anthropological dimensions of education. In the following, it shows the political consequences of a functionalist, collectivistic, scientistic, and formalistic understanding of education and discusses the contribution of a new humanism and of Christianity for a „post-post-humanistic“ approach to education.


THOMAS BROSE
Der Mensch als uneingelöstes Versprechen. Theologie und Anthropologie bei Eugen Biser: Eine Erinnerung zum 100. Geburtstag

Who or what is a human being? This question is a current one in the 20th century, the age of extremes (Eric Hobsbawm), as humanity faces seduction, totalitarianism, and barbarism once more. The analysis of the human existence plays a fundamental role in the thought of Eugen Biser. He does not reduce Christianity to mere anthropology but takes the constant threat to humanity’s existence into consideration – which he experienced first-hand – by opening his theology to the question of what God intended for a truly human life. In his work, the philosopher Biser connects a diagnosis of the times with existential philosophy, and hermeneutics to an extensive theory of the faith. His main characteristic is the reference to Friedrich Nietzsche. Biser views Nietzsche’s critique of religion as a „space“ from whence a renewed theology might gain new impetus in order to let the good news of God becoming human flow into the human discussion once more.


LUDGER HAGEDORN
Kleine Rezension zu Nietzsches Antichrist und zu Schleiermachers 250. Geburtstag, oder: Philosophie als halbseitige Lähmung und Theologen-Instinkt

Today’s attempts to understand the relationship of Christianity and philosophy are still predominantly characterized by all-too simplifying dichotomies such as Reason and Enlightenment vs. Faith and Mysticism. Conceived as a „small review“ in the sense of the Moravian poet Jan Skácel, this article takes up Nietzsche’s critique of philosophy as „deceitful theology“ and illustrates this with a Berlin caricature from 1868 that resonates with the upcoming 250th birthday of German philosopher Friedrich Schleiermacher.

 

THEODOR DIETER
Der ökumenische Gottesdienst in Lund am 31. Oktober 2016: ein theologischer Kommentar

The text addresses the challenge for Lutherans and Roman Catholics to jointly commemorate the Reformation 500 years ago. It analyzes the theological findings presented in the Catholic/Lutheran dialogue document “From Conflict to Communion”, especially the distinction between different meanings of “Reformation” and the presentation of main features of Luther’s theology against the background of 50 years of ecumenical dialogue. These insights served as the basis for the ecumenical prayer service in the Cathedral of Lund (Sweden) with Pope Francis and the leaders of the Lutheran World Federation on October 31, 2016, that was observed worldwide. In it, both communities looked back at the Reformation in thanksgiving and regret, and committed themselves to continue the journey to communion. This prayer service is described as an outstanding reception of an ecumenical dialogue result through its liturgical manifestation.

Abstracts ThG 3/17

Reinhard Feiter
Das Evangelium ist für alle da

The main challenge of the presence is to realize the universality of the gospel in a new way – in a dual sense: realize in terms of a new understanding and in terms of implementing it into the pastoral care – this is the central Thesis of this article. Given reasons are the history of Christianity in western europe and the doctrine by the Second Vatican Council, the doctrine of the sacramentality of the church. The pastoral conversion, who demands this, is characterized by three elements: (1) a practice of hospitality, that is open for people who are searching, or of different faith, or who are indifferent to religion; (2) an attention for the faith of life of people and the courage, to appeal them on it; (3) the connection between a “missionary option” and “the option for those who are least the option for those who are least, those whom society discards” (Pope Francis).

 

Ewald Huscava
Die hellenistische Kultur des Symposions als Grundmodell für das Herrenmahl.
Vielstimmiger Austausch versus Monolog

The article leads back to the roots of the “Meal of the Lord”, by means of contextualization. This context is reconstructed in the Hellenistic culture of the symposium, which allows the detection of a two-part coming together; firstly the meal, that leads to saturation and secondly a symposium, that refers to the culture of wine. In this second part, everybody has to make his contribute by telling stories, reciting a poem or raising interesting questions even on philosophic topics, what includes a manner of teaching. This culture of symposium can be detected in the praxis of the Lord, in St. Paul’s community of Corinth up to Tertullian at the beginning of the third century. That allows the reconstruction the homiletic situation, which one can characterize as “polyphonic”. Everybody had the chance to give his (teaching or singing) contribute in the celebration of the Eucharist, which included a real meal and drinking wine in a real sense and not in a symbolically compressed manner.

 

Alexander Deeg
Verkündigung in der Geste des Zeigens.
Oder: Predigt in der Erwartung des Wortes Gottes

The Protestant Church used to be called the “Church of the Word” (Kirche des Wortes). But nowadays there is some ambiguity among Protestant Christians about the role and status of preaching and proclaiming the ‘word’. On the one hand, Protestants still see the sermon as the most important part of the Sunday service; on the other hand there is an ongoing critique towards the sermon. This critique may, and this is the suggestion of the author, be connected with a theological problem: Christian proclamation cannot convey messages the preacher ‘has’ or the church ‘holds’ or ‘possesses’. The word of God is a transforming word for the listeners and therefore the gesture of preachers can only be the gesture of pointing towards. Both – preachers and listeners – are thus expecting the word of God. This concept of preaching and proclaiming is shown in the article by reconstructing Martin Luther’s understanding of a sermon and the word of God and by asking, how the content of the sermon, i.e. the message of the living Christ, can be described today.

 

Martin Lörsch
Von Gott erzählen in der Spätmoderne.
Überlegungen zu einer praktisch-theologische Ekklesiologie der Kirche als Überlieferungs-, Erzähl- und Hoffnungsgemeinschaft – reflektiert anhand der Synode für das Bistum Trier

The situation of the Church in Western Europe proves to be precarious when critically reflecting the preaching of the Gospel, the binding commitment of its members and the socialisation of the next generation. In latter years synodal discussion processes („synodale Gesprächsprozesse“) have taken place in the German Church to respond to these challenges. This article discusses the question of whether a diocesan synod (cf. can. 460 et seq. CIC) can help the local church as a traditional and narrative community and also one of hope („Überlieferungs-, Erzähl- und Hoffnungsgemeinschaft”) in order to establish and achieve a church fit for the future. This reference is made to the Diocesan Synod of the Diocese of Trier (2013-2016) and the process of implementation of its decisions as a practical example.

 

Elke Mack
Die Suche nach westlicher Identität, die Europa zusammenhält

Currently, many hostilities occur towards the European Union and the Western System as such. Therefore the author asks for the reasons of those mental reservations and political radicalization in parts of Western societies. At the same time she analyzes the common ground, put forward by a common history of the Western mind, a similar culture of right based interaction and a rational mutual understanding in spite of differences in culture and language. Globalisation, inequality, social deprivation, migration and similar problems make people feel uncertain and frightened, so they often become political radicals as well as nationalists. However, cosmopolitical openness, tolerance of pluralism and a sense of universal humanity are complex and overly demanding, even for Europeans. Nevertheless, these values correspond to their moral tradition of universality which is mainly influenced by Christianity and enlightenment. In the face of this ethical tradition, it shows, that the idea of humanity is the core of Western and European identity.

 

 

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