Reiser, S., Schacht, L., Thomm, E., Figalist, C., Janssen, L., Schick, K., Dörfler, E., Berberat, P. O., Gartmeier, M., & Bauer, J. (2022). A video-based situational judgement test of medical students' communication competence in patient encounters: Development and first evaluation. Patient education and counseling, 105(5), 1283–1289.
Objective: We developed and evaluated the Video-Based Assessment of Medical Communication Competence (VA-MeCo), a construct-driven situational judgement test measuring medical students' communication competence in patient encounters.
Methods: In the construction phase, we conducted two expert studies (npanel1 = 6, npanel2 = 13) to ensure curricular and content validity and sufficient expert agreement on the answer key. In the evaluation phase, we conducted a cognitive pre-test (n = 12) and a pilot study (n = 117) with medical students to evaluate test usability and acceptance, item statistics and test reliability depending on the applied scoring method (raw consensus vs. pairwise comparison scoring).
Results: The results of the expert interviews indicated good curricular and content validity. Expert agreement on the answer key was high (ICCs> .86). The pilot study showed favourable usability and acceptance by students. Irrespective of the scoring method, reliability for the complete test (Cronbach's α >.93) and its subscales (α >.83) was high.
Conclusion: There is promising evidence that medical communication competence can be validly and reliably measured using a construct-driven and video-based situational judgement test.
Practice implications: Video-based SJTs allow efficient online assessment of medical communication competence and are well accepted by students and educators.
Keywords: Basic communication skills; Construct-driven development; Medical education; Situational judgement test; Video-based assessment.
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