Publications - Cornelia Betsch & Team: Health Communication and Psychology

Current Preprints

  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., & Sprengholz, P. (2020, July 24). Infographic on SARS-CoV-2 Airborne Transmission Improves Opponents’ View of the Benefits of Masks: Evidence from Serial Cross-Sectional and Experimental Data.  
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Sprengholz, P., Wieler, L., Schmich, P., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Bosnjak, M., Omer, S. B., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., Von Rüden, U., Lämmlin, G., & Ahrens, P.-A. (2020-2021). German COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO). PsychArchives. Preprints for data collection waves 1-17 available at:
  • Betsch, C., Sprengholz, P., & Sunstein, C. R. (2021, October 26). Health, Technology, and Genre Preferences: A Preliminary Investigation. PsyArXiv.
  • Böhm, R., Betsch, C., Litovsky, Y., Sprengholz, P., Brewer, N., Chapman, G. B., … Kirchler, M. (2022, February 10). Crowdsourcing interventions to promote uptake of COVID-19 booster vaccines. PsyArXiv.
  • Henkel, L., Sprengholz, P., Korn, L., Betsch, C., & Böhm, R. (2022, January 28). Understanding the trouble spot: Does vaccination status identification fuel societal polarization? PsyArXiv.
  • Jirsa, V., Petkoski, S., Wang, H., Woodman, M., Fousek, J., Betsch, C., Felgendreff, L., Bohm, R., Lilleholt, L., Zettler, I., Faber, S., Shen, K., McIntosh, A. R. (2020, August 16). Integrating psychosocial variables and societal diversity in epidemic models for predicting COVID-19 transmission dynamics. medRxiv.
  • Lilleholt, L., Zettler, I., Betsch, C., & Böhm, R. (2020, December 17). Pandemic Fatigue: Measurement, Correlates, and Consequences.
  • Maier, B. F., Wiedermann, M., Burdinski, A., Klamser, P., Jenny, M. A., Betsch, C., & Brockmann, D. (2021, November 26). Germany’s current COVID-19 crisis is mainly driven by the unvaccinated. medRxiv.
  • Rebitschek, F. G., Ellermann, C., Jenny, M. A. , Siegel, N. A., Spinner, C., & Wagner, G. (2021, March 22). How skeptics could be convinced (not persuaded) to get vaccinated against COVID-19.
  • Rees, F., Geiger, M., Lilleholt, L., Zettler, I., Betsch, C., Böhm, R., Wilhelm O. (2022) Measuring parents’ readiness to vaccinate themselves and their children against COVID-19. PsyArXiv.
  • Sprengholz, P., Henkel, L., Böhm, R. & Betsch, C. (2022, May 4). Different interventions for different vaccinations? Effects of psychological factors and health policies on COVID-19 primary and booster vaccine uptake. 

2022 & in press

  • Adeyanju GC., Sprengholz, P., & Betsch, C. (2022). Understanding drivers of vaccine hesitancy among pregnant women in Nigeria: a longitudinal study. Npj Vaccines, 7, 96.
  • Adeyanju G. C., Essoh, T. A., Adamu, A. A., Sanusi, K. G., Head, M. G., Tall, H., & Betsch, C. (2022). Examining enablers of vaccine hesitancy toward routine childhood and adolescent vaccination in Malawi. Global Health Research and Policy, 7, 28.
  • Böhm, R., Betsch, C., Litovsky, Y., Sprengholz, P., Brewer, Noel T., Chapman, G., Leask, J., Loewenstein, G., Scherzer, M., Sunstein, Cass R., Kirchler, M. (in press). Crowdsourcing interventions to promote uptake of COVID-19 booster vaccines. eClinicalMedicine.
  • Böhm, R., Holtmann-Klenner, C., Korn, L., Santana A. P. & Betsch, C. (2022). Behavioral Determinants of Antibiotic Resistance: The Role of Social Information. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being.
  • Elbing, U., Mayer, B., Büngener, K., Sievert, E.D.C., & Schäfer, I. (2022). Diagnostik und Therapie Posttraumatischer Belastungsstörungen bei Menschen mit intellektueller Beeinträchtigung. Trauma & Gewalt, 16(3), 232-248.
  • Essoh, T-A., Adeyanju G.C., Adamu, A.A., Ahawo, A.K., Aka, D., Tall, H., Aplogan, A., Wiysonge, C.S. (2022). Early Impact of SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic on Immunization Services in Nigeria. Vaccines, 10(7):1107.
  • Henkel, L., Sprengholz, P., Korn, L. et al. (2022). The association between vaccination status identification and societal polarization. Nature Human Behaviour.
  • Jenny, M. A., Lehrer, L., Eitze, S., Sprengholz, P., Korn, L., Shamsrizi, P., Geiger, M., Hellmann, L., Mai, L., Maur, K., & Betsch, C. (2022). Accelerating climate protection by behavioural insights: The Planetary Health Action Survey (PACE). The Lancet Planetary Health, 6, 19.
  • Jörling, M., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., Betsch, C., Allen, J. & Böhm, R. (2022). To disclose or not to disclose? Factors related to the willingness to disclose information to a COVID-19 tracing app. Information, Communication & Society.
  • Liu, X., Geiger, M., Zhou, C., & Hildebrandt, A. (2022). Individual differences in white matter microstructure of the face processing brain network are more differentiated from global fibers with increasing ability. Scientific Reports. Manuscript accepted for publication.
  • Machida, M., Kojima, T., Popiel, H.A., Geiger, M., Odagiri, Y., Inoue, S. (2022). Development, validity, and reliability of the Japanese version of the 7C of vaccination readiness scale. American Journal of Infection Control.
  • Maier, B. F., Wiedermann, M., Burdinski, A., Klamser, P. P., Jenny, M. A., Betsch, C., & Brockmann, D. (2022). Germany’s fourth COVID-19 wave was mainly driven by the unvaccinated. Communications Medicine, 2(1), 116.
  • Memenga, P., Eitze, S., Shamsrizi, P., Addo, M. M., & Betsch, C. (2022). Debunking Misinformation and Communicating Critical Events in Vaccine Trials: Experimental Evidence on Vaccination Intentions in SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic. European Journal of Health Communication3(2), 64–96.
  • Neufeind, J., Schmid-Küpke, N., Rehfuess, E., Betsch, C., Wichmann, O. (2022). How a generally well-accepted measles vaccine mandate may lead to inequities and decreased vaccine uptake: a preregistered survey study in Germany. BMC Public Health.
  • Ochel, P., Eitze, S., Siegers, R., Betsch, C., & Seufert, A. (2022). Determinants of Adoption and Rejection of Protective Measures During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study in Germany’s Second Wave. Social Psychological Bulletin17, 1-17.
  • Plechatá, A., Vandeweerdt, C., Atchapero, M., Luong, T., Holz, C., Betsch, C., Dietermann, B. Schultka, Y., Böhm, R., Makranskya, G. (2022). Experiencing herd immunity in virtual reality increases COVID-19 vaccination intention: Evidence from a large-scale field intervention study. Computers in Human Behavior.
  • Rathgeb, C., Schillok, H., Voss, S., Coenen, M., Schulte-Körne, G., Merkel, C., Eitze, S., & Jung-Sievers, C. (in press). Emotional Situation of Children and Adolescents during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Germany: Results from the COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring Study (COSMO). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.
  • Rebitschek, F. G., Ellermann, C., Jenny, M. A., Siegel, N. A., Spinner, C., Wagner, G. G. (2022). Fact boxes that inform individual decisions may contribute to a more positive evaluation of COVID-19 vaccinations at the population level. PLoS ONE 17(9): e0274186. pone.0274186
  • Rees, F., Geiger, M., Lilleholt, L., Zettler, I., Betsch, C., Böhm, R., & Wilhelm, O. (2022). Measuring parents’ readiness to vaccinate themselves and their children against COVID-19. Vaccine. Advance online publication.
  • Ruggeri, K., Panin, A., Vdovic, M., Većkalov, B., Abdul-Salaam, N., Achterberg, J., … Sievert, E.D.C., ...& Toscano, F. (2022). The globalizability of temporal discounting. Nature Human Behaviour, 1-12.
  • Sääksvuori, L., Betsch, C., Nohynek, H., Salo, H., Sivelä, J., & Böhm, R. (2022). Information nudges for influenza vaccination: Evidence from a large-scale cluster-randomized controlled trial in Finland. PLOS Medicine.
  • Schmid, P., Betsch, C. (2022). Benefits and Pitfalls of Debunking Interventions to Counter mRNA Vaccination Misinformation During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Science Communication.
  • Sprengholz, P., Henkel, L.; Böhm, R.; Betsch, C. (2022). Different interventions for COVID-19 primary and booster vaccination? Effects of psychological factors and health policies on vaccine uptake. Medical Decision Making.
  • Vivion, M., Anassour Laouan Sidi, E. H., Betsch, C., Dionne, M., Dubé, E., … & Yesilada, M. (2022). Prebunking messaging to inoculate against COVID-19 vaccine misinformation: An effective strategy for public health. Journal of Communication in Healthcare: Strategies, Media and Engagement in Global Health.
  • Watrin, L., Geiger, M, Levacher, J., Spinath, B., & Wilhelm, O. (2022). Development and initial validation of an admission test for bachelor psychology studies. Frontiers in Education. Advance online publication. 10.3389/feduc.2022.909818


  • Adamu, A. A., Essoh, T. A., Adeyanju, G. C., Jalo, R. I., Saleh, Y., Aplogan, A., & Wiysonge, C. S. (2021). Drivers of hesitancy towards recommended childhood vaccines in African settings: a scoping review of literature from Kenya, Malawi and Ethiopia. Expert Review of Vaccines, 20(5), 611-621.  
  • Adeyanju, G.C., Augustine, T.M., Volkmann, S., Oyebamiji, U.A., Ran, S., Osobajo, OA., & Otitoju, A. (2021). Effectiveness of intervention on behaviour change against use of non-biodegradable plastic bags: a systematic review. Discover sustainability, 2(1), 1-15. 
  • Adeyanju G.C., Betsch C., Head M.G., & Essoh T-A. (2021). Analyzing vaccine hesitancy in Malawi: a policy brief. Figshare presentation.
  • Adeyanju G.C., Engel, E., Koch, L., Ranzinger, T., Shahid, IBM., Head, M. G., Eitze, S., & Betsch, C. (2021). Determinants of influenza vaccine hesitancy among pregnant women in Europe: a systematic review. European Journal of Medical Research; 26, 116.
  • Adeyanju G.C., Sprengholz, P., Essoh, T-A., & Betsch, C. (2021). Caregivers’ willingness to vaccinate their children against childhood diseases and human papillomavirus: a cross-sectional study on vaccine hesitancy in Malawi. Vaccines, 9, 1231. 
  • Adeyanju, G.C., Solfa, R.P., Tran, T.L. et al. (2021). Behavioural symptoms of mental health disorder such as depression among young people using Instagram: a systematic review. Translational Medicine Communications, 6, 15. 
  • Albrecht, R., Jenny, M. A., Nilsson, H., & Rieskamp, J. (2021). The similarity-updating model of probability judgment and belief revision. Psychological Review, 128(6), 1088-1111.
  • Attwell, K., Betsch, C., Dubé, E., Sivelä, J., Gagneur, A., Suggs, L. S., ... & Thomson, A. (2021). Increasing vaccine acceptance using evidence-based approaches and policies: Insights from research on behavioural and social determinants presented at the 7th Annual Vaccine Acceptance Meeting. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 105, 188-193.
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., & Böhm, R. (2021). Reply to Weisel: From polarization to vaccination and back. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(13), e2102717118.
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Burgard,T., Gaissmaier, W., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Sprengholz, P., Böhm, R., Stollorz, V., Ramharter, M., Promies, N., De Bock, F., Schmid, P., Renner, B., Wieler, L. H., & Bosnjak, M. (2021). The four weeks before lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany: a weekly serial cross-sectional survey on risk perceptions, knowledge, public trust and behaviour, 3 to 25 March 2020. Eurosurveillance, 26(42), 2001900. 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.42.2001900
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., & Thaiss, H. (2021). School opening during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: Public acceptance of wearing fabric masks in class. Public Health in Practice, Volume 2, 100115.
  • Betsch, C., Schmid-Küpke, N. K., Otten, L., & von Hirschhausen, E. (2020). Increasing the willingness to participate in organ donation through humorous health communication:(Quasi-) experimental evidence. PloS ONE, 15(11), e0241208. 
  • Betsch, C. & Sprengholz, P. (2021): The human factor between airborne pollen concentrations and COVID-19 disease dynamics. PNAS, 118(34), e2107239118.
  • Betsch, C., Sprengholz, P., Schmid, P., Korn, L., Eitze, S., Ochel, P., Felgendreff, L., Engel, E., Böhm, R. (2021). Einführung einer Impfpflicht: Eine politische Entscheidung. Dtsch Arztebl 2021 118(49): A-2312 / B-1899
  • Betsch, C., Sprengholz, P., Siegers, R., Eitze, S., Korn, L., Goldhahn, L., ... & Jenny, M. A. (2021). Empirical evidence to understand the human factor for effective rapid testing against SARS-CoV-2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(32), e2107179118.
  • Böhm, R., & Betsch, C. (2021). Prosocial vaccination. Current Opinion in Psychology
  • Eitze, S. , Felgendreff, L., Korn, L., Sprengholz, P. , Allen J., Jenny, M. A., Wieler, L., Thaiss, H., De Bock, F., & Betsch, C. (2021) Vertrauen der Bevölkerung in staatliche Institutionen im ersten Halbjahr der Coronapandemie: Erkenntnisse aus dem Projekt COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO). Bundesgesundheitsblatt, 64(3), 268–276.
  • Eitze, S., Heinemeier, D., Schmid-Küpke, N. K., Betsch, C., & Vaccination60+ Study Group. (2021). Decreasing vaccine hesitancy with extended health knowledge: Evidence from a longitudinal randomized controlled trial. Health Psychology, 40(2), 77–88.
  • Felgendreff, L., Korn, L., Sprengholz, P. , Eitze, S. , Siegers, R. & Betsch, C. (2021). Risk information alone is not sufficient to reduce optimistic bias. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy  
  • Geiger, M., Rees, F., Lilleholt, L., Santana, A. P., Zettler, I. Wilhelm, O., Betsch, C., & Böhm, R. (2021). Measuring the 7Cs of vaccination readiness. European Journal of Psychological Assessment.
  • Gilan, D., Müssig, M., Hahad, O., Kunzler, A., Samstag, S., Roethke, N., Thrul, J., Kreuter, F., Bosnjak, M., Sprengholz, P., Betsch, C., Wollschläger, D., Tuescher, O., & Lieb, K. (2021): Protective and Risk Factors for Mental Distress and Its Impact on Health-Protective Behaviors during the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic between March 2020 and March 2021 in Germany. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(17), 9167
  • Grill, E., Eitze, S., DeBock, F., Dragano, N., Huebl, L., Schmich, P., ... & Betsch, C. (2021). Sociodemographic characteristics determine download and use of a Corona contact tracing app in Germany-results of the COSMO surveys. PLoS ONE 16(9): e0256660.
  • Hajek, A., De Bock, F., Sprengholz, P., Kretzler, B., & König, H.-H. (2021): Attitudes towards the economic costs associated with measures against the spread of COVID-19: Population perceptions from repeated cross-sectional data of the nationally representative COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring in Germany (COSMO). PLoS ONE 16(11): e0259451.
  • Heinemeier, D., Terhardt, M., & Betsch, C. (2021). Impfverhalten psychologisch erklären und verändern am Beispiel der HPV-Impfung. Der Gynäkologe, 54, 665-672.
  • Jenny, M. A., Lein, I., Jung-Sendzik, T., Eitze, S., Drosten, C., & Betsch, C. (2021). Kommunikationsempfehlungen zur Verbesserung des Verhaltens bei der Verwendung von PoC Antigen-Schnelltests und Selbsttests. Epidemiologisches Bulletin 20/2021, 3-10.
  • König, H.-H., De Bock, F., Sprengholz, P., Kretzler, B., & Hajek, A. (2021): Willingness to bear economic costs of measures against SARS-CoV-2 in Germany. BMC Public Health.
  • Korn, L., Böhm, R., & Betsch, C. (2021). Reply to Rabb et al.: Why promoting COVID-19 vaccines with community immunity is not a good strategy (yet). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(14), e2102054118.
  • Krauth, C., Oedingen, C., Bartling, T., Dreier, M., Spura, A., de Bock, F., von Rüden, U., Betsch, C. Korn, L. & Robra, B-P. (2021). Public preferences for exit strategies from COVID-19 lockdown in Germany – a discrete choice experiment. International Journal of Public Health.
  • Lewandowsky, S., Cook, J., Schmid, P., Holford, D. L., Finn, A., Leask, J., ... & Vraga, E. K. (2021). The COVID-19 Vaccine Communication Handbook. A practical guide for improving vaccine communication and fighting misinformation. Available at:
  • Loss, J., Boklage, E., Jordan, S., Jenny, M. A., Weishaar, H. & El Bcheraoui, C. (2021). Risikokommunikation bei der Eindämmung der COVID-19-Pandemie: Herausforderungen und Erfolg versprechende Ansätze. Bundesgesundheitsblatt, 64(3), 294–303.
  • Maier, B.F., Burdinski, A., Klamser, P., Wiedermann, M., Jenny, M. A., Betsch, C., Brockmann, D. (2021). Die 4. COVID-19-Welle wurde durch fehlenden Impfschutz angestoßen: Was ist zu tun? Epidemiological Bulletin, 49/2021, 3-5. 10.25646/9363
  • Schmid-Küpke, N. K., Matysiak-Klose, D., Siedler, A., Felgendreff, L., Wieler, L., Thaiss, H. M., & Betsch, C. (2021). Cancelled routine vaccination appointments due to COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. Vaccine: X, 100094.
  • Seifried J., Böttcher S., Oh D.Y., Michel J., Nitsche A. Jenny M. A., et al. (2021): Was ist bei Antigentests zur Eigenanwendung (Selbsttests) zum Nachweis von SARS-CoV-2 zu beachten? Epidemiological Bulletin, 08/2021, 3-9.
  • Shapiro, G. K., Kaufman, J., Brewer, N. T., Wiley, K., Menning, L., Leask, J., ... & Wiysonge, C. S. (2021). A critical review of measures of childhood vaccine confidence. Current Opinion in Immunology, 71, 34-45. 
  • Sprengholz, P. & Betsch, C (2021): Comment on: Willingness to Pay for a COVID-19 Vaccine. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, 19, 619-621 
  • Sprengholz, P., & Betsch, C. (2021): Ok Google: Using virtual assistants for data collection in psychological and behavioral research. Behavior Research Methods.
  • Sprengholz, P., & Betsch, C. (2021): Previous SARS-CoV-2 infection is linked to lower vaccination intentions. Journal of Medical Virology.
  • Sprengholz, P. & Betsch, C. (2021): Zero-sum or worse? Considering detrimental effects of selective mandates on voluntary childhood vaccinations. The Journal of Pediatrics, Volume 240, 318-319.
  • Sprengholz, P., Betsch, C., & Böhm, R. (2021). Reactance revisited: Consequences of mandatory and scarce vaccination in the case of COVID-19.
    Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 13(4), 986-995.
  • Sprengholz, P., Eitze, S., Felgendreff, L., Korn, L., & Betsch, C. (2021). Money is not everything: experimental evidence that payments do not increase willingness to be vaccinated against COVID-19. Journal of Medical Ethics, 47(8): 547-548. 10.1136/medethics-2020-107122
  • Sprengholz, P., Felgendreff, L., Böhm, R., & Betsch, C. (2021). Vaccination policy reactance: Predictors, consequences, and countermeasures. Journal of Health Psychology.
  • Sprengholz, P., Korn, L., Eitze, S., & Betsch, C. (2021). Allocation of COVID-19 vaccination: when public prioritisation preferences differ from official regulations. Journal of Medical Ethics, 47, 452-455.
  • Sprengholz, P., Korn, L., Eitze, S., Felgendreff, L., Siegers, R., Goldhahn, L., De Bock, F., Huebl, L., Böhm, R., & Betsch, C. (2022): Attitude toward a mandatory COVID-19 vaccination policy and its determinants: Evidence from serial cross-sectional surveys conducted throughout the pandemic in Germany. Vaccine.
  • Sprengholz, P., Siegers, R., Goldhahn, L., Eitze, S., & Betsch, C. (2021): Good night: Experimental evidence that nighttime curfews may fuel disease dynamics by increasing contact density. Social Science & Medicine, Volume 286.
  • Wehkamp, K., Kiefer, F. B., Geiger, F., Scheibler, F., Rueffer, J. U., Donner-Banzhoff, N., & Betsch, C. (2021). Enhancing Specific Health Literacy with a Digital Evidence-Based Patient Decision Aid for Hypertension: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Patient Preference and Adherence, Volume 15, 1269-1279.


  • Betsch, C. (2020). Behavioural science data can help mitigate the COVID-19 crisis. Nature Human Behaviour
  • Betsch, C., Bach Habersaat, K., Deshevoi, S., Heinemeier, D., Briko, N., Kostenko, N., Kocik, J., Böhm, R., Zettler, I., Wiysonge, C. S., Dubé, È., Gagneur, A., Botelho-Nevers, E., Gagneux-Brunon, A., & Sivelä, J. (2020). Sample study protocol for adapting and translating the 5C scale to assess the psychological antecedents of vaccination. BMJ Open, 10(3), e034869.
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Sprengholz, P., Felgendreff, L., Eitze, S., Schmid, P., & Böhm, R. (2020). Social and behavioral consequences of mask policies during the COVID-19 pandemic. PNAS
  • Betsch, C., Schmid-Küpke, N. K., Otten, L., & von Hirschhausen, E. (2020). Increasing the willingness to participate in organ donation through humorous health communication:(Quasi-) experimental evidence. PloS ONE15(11), e0241208.
  • Betsch, C., Wieler, L. H., Habersaat, K. and the COSMO group (2020). Rapid, flexible, cost-effective monitoring tool for behavioural insights related to COVID-19 across countries. The Lancet, 395(10232), 1255-1256.
    • The COSMO group for this paper are: Cornelia Betsch (PI), Lars Korn, Lisa Felgendreff, Sarah Eitze, Philipp Schmid, Philipp Sprengholz (University of Erfurt), Lothar H Wieler, Patrick Schmich (Robert Koch-Institute), Volker Stollorz (Science Media Center Germany), Michael Ramharter (Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine), Michael Bosnjak (Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information), Saad B. Omer (Yale Institute for Global Health), Katrine Habersaat, Martha Scherzer and Cristiana Salvi (WHO Regional Office for Europe).
  • Giese, H., Neth, H., Moussaïd, M., Betsch, C., & Gaissmaier, W. (2020). The echo in flu-vaccination echo chambers: Selective attention trumps social influence. Vaccine38(8), 2070-2076.
  • Gilan, D., Röthke, N., Blessin, M., Kunzler, A., Stoffers-Winterling, J., Müssig, M., Yuen, K. S. L., Tüscher, O., Thrul, J., Kreuter, F., Sprengholz, P., Betsch, C., Stieglitz, R. D., Lieb, K. (2020). Psychische Belastungen, Resilienz, Risiko- und protektive Faktoren während der SARS-CoV-2-Pandemie. Systematische Literaturanalyse und Studienergebnisse aus dem deutschen COSMO-Panel. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2020; 117(38), 625-632.  10.3238/arztebl.2020.0625
  • Habersaat, K., Betsch, C., Danchin, M., Sunstein, C., Böhm, R., Falk, A., Brewer, N.T., Omer, S.B., Scherzer, M., Sah, S., Fischer, E.F., Scheel, A.E., Fancourt, D., Kitayama, S., Dubé, E., Leask, J., Dutta, M., MacDonald, N.E., Temkina, A., Lieberoth, A., Jackson, M. Lewandowsky, S., Seale, H., Fiethe, N., Schmid, P., Gelfand, M., Korn, L., Eitze, S., Felgendreff, L. Sprengholz, P., Salvi, C., Butler, R (2020). Ten considerations for effectively managing the COVID-19 transition. Nature Human Behavior, 4, 677-687. 
  • Korn, L., Böhm, R., Meier, N.W., Betsch, C. (2020). Vaccination as a social contract. P Natl Acad Sci USA, 17 (26) 14890 - 14899.
  • Neufeind, J., Betsch, C., Habersaat, K. B., Eckardt, M., Schmid, P., & Wichmann, O. (2020). Barriers and drivers to adult vaccination among family physicians – Insights for tailoring the immunization program in Germany. Vaccine, 38(27), 4252-4262.
  • Schmid, P., Schwarzer, M., & Betsch, C. (2020). Weight-of-Evidence Strategies to Mitigate the Influence of Messages of Science Denialism in Public Discussions. Journal of Cognition3(1), 36.
  • Sprengholz, P., & Betsch, C. (2020). Herd immunity communication counters detrimental effects of selective vaccination mandates: Experimental evidence. EClinicalMedicine, 22, 100352.






  • Betsch, C. (2015). Meinung: Impfen ist eine soziale Entscheidung. Onlineausgabe Spektrum der Wissenschaft.
  • Betsch, C. (2015). Author’s reply: Vaccinating healthcare workers: ethics and strategic behaviour. Eurosurveillance, 20(2), pii=21007.
  • Betsch, C. & Böhm, R., & Chapman, G.B. (2015). Using Behavioral Insights to Increase Vaccination Policy Effectiveness. Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2, 61-73.
  • Betsch, C., Haase, N., Renkewitz, F. & Schmid, P. (2015). The narrative bias revisited: What drives the biasing influence of narrative information on risk perceptions? Judgment and Decision Making, 10, 241-264.
  • Betsch, C., Korn, L., Holtmann, C. (2015). Don't try to convert the anti-vaccinators, instead target the fence-sitters. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(49): E6725–E6726.
  • Bödeker, B., Betsch, C. & Wichmann, O. (2015). Skewed risk perceptions in pregnant women: the case of influenza vaccination. BMC Public Health, 15, 1308.
  • Haase, N., Betsch, C., & Renkewitz, F. (2015). Source Credibility and the Biasing Effect of Narrative Information on the Perception of Vaccination Risks. Journal of Health Communication, 20(8), 920-929.
  • Korn, L., Holtmann, C., Betsch, C. & Böhm, R. (2015). Die Impfbereitschaft verstehen und verbessern: Wenn persönliche Impfentscheidungen im Konflikt mit dem Gemeinwohl stehen und wie man dieses Dilemma auflösen kann. In-mind, 2/2015. 


  • Betsch C. (2014). Overcoming healthcare workers’ vaccine refusal – competition between egoism and altruism. Eurosurveillance, 19(48):pii=20979.
  • Betsch, C. (2014). Social media targeting of health messages - a promising approach for research and practice. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 10(9), 2636-2637.
  • Betsch, C. & Wicker, S. (2014). Personal attitudes and misconceptions, not official recommendations guide occupational physicians’ vaccination decisions. Vaccine, 32(35), 4478-84.
  • European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (2014). Measles and rubella elimination: communicating the importance of vaccination. Stockholm: ECDC; 2014. Authored by Cornelia Betsch.


  • Betsch, C. (2013). Die Rolle des Internets bei der Elimination von Infektionskrankheiten: zum Management von Wahrnehmungen und Fehlwahrnehmungen. [The Role of the Internet in Eliminating Infectious Diseases: Managing Perceptions and Misperceptions of vaccination]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt, 56:1279–1286.
  • Betsch, C., Böhm, R., & Korn, L. (2013). Inviting free-riders or appealing to pro-social behavior? Game theoretical reflections on communicating herd immunity in vaccine advocacy. Health Psychology, 32(9):978-85.
  • Betsch, C., Renkewitz, F. & Haase, N. (2013). Effect of narrative reports about vaccine adverse events and bias-awareness disclaimers on vaccine decisions: A simulation of an online patient social network. Medical Decision Making. [Epub 2012 Aug 8].
  • Betsch, C. & Sachse, K. (2013). Debunking vaccination myths - Strong risk negations can increase perceived vaccination risks. Health Psychology, 32, 145-155.
  • Haase, N., Renkewitz, F. & Betsch, C. (2013). The Measurement of Subjective Probability: Evaluating the Sensitivity and Accuracy of Various Scales. Risk Analysis. [Epub ahead of print].


  • Betsch, C., Brewer, N.T., Brocard, P., Davies, P., Gaissmaier, W., Haase, N., Leask, J., Renkewitz, F., Renner, B., Reyna, V.F., Rossmann, C., Sachse, K., Schachinger, A. & Siegrist, M. (2012). Opportunities and Challenges of Web 2.0 for Vaccination Decisions. Vaccine, 30, 3727-3733.
  • Betsch, C. & Sachse, K. (2012). Dr. Jekyll or Mr. Hyde? (How) the Internet influences vaccination decisions: Recent evidence and tentative guidelines for online vaccine communication. Vaccine, 30, 3723-3726.
  • Betsch, C. & Schmid, P. (2012). Angst essen Impfbereitschaft auf? Der Einfluss kognitiver und affektiver Faktoren auf die Risikowahrnehmung im Ausbruchsgeschehen. [The influence of cognitive and affective aspects of risk perception during outbreaks.] Bundesgesundheitsblatt, 56, 124-130.
  • Betsch, C. & Wicker, S. (2012). E-Health Use, Vaccination Knowledge and Perception of Own Risk: Drivers of Vaccination Uptake in Medical Students. Vaccine, 30: 1143–1148.
  • Haase, N. & Betsch, C. (2012). Parents trust other parents: Lay vaccination narratives on the web may create doubt about vaccination safety. Medical Decision Making, 32, 645.


  • Betsch., C. (2011). Innovations in communication: the Internet and the psychology of vaccination decisions. Eurosurveillance, 16(17):pii=19849. Available online
  • Betsch, C., Ulshöfer, C., Renkewitz, F. & Betsch, T., &  (2011). The influence of narrative vs. statistic information on perceiving vaccination risks. Medical Decision Making, 31(5): 742 – 753.


  • Betsch, C. (2010). Das Internet und seine Auswirkung auf die Wahrnehmung von Impfrisiken. Kinderärztliche Praxis, 5, 282-286.
  • Betsch, C. (2010). Online-supplement complementing "The influence of vaccine-critical Internet pages on perceiving vaccination risks". The publication reveals the pretest which confirms the difference between the websites regarding criteria suggested in the literature.
  • Betsch, C. & Könen, T. (2010). Der Einfluss von Furchtappellen im Kontext impfkritischer Internetseiten: die Angst schlägt zurück. Kinder- und Jugendmedizin, 10, 159-166.
  • Betsch, C., Renkewitz, F., Betsch, T., & Ulshöfer, C. (2010). The influence of vaccine-critical Internet pages on perception of vaccination risks. Journal of Health Psychology, 15, 446-455.

2008 and earlier

  • Betsch, C. & Kunz, J. J. (2008). Strategy Preferences and Decisional Fit. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 21, 532-555.
  • Greifeneder, R. & Betsch, C. (2006). Lieber die Taube auf dem Dach! Eine Skala zur Erfassung interindividueller Unterschiede in der Maximierungstendenz [Maximizing – a scale to assess individual differences in maximizing]. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 37, 233-243.
  • Schunk, D. & Betsch, C. (2006). Explaining heterogeneity in utility functions by individual preferences for intuition and deliberation. Journal of Economic Psychology, 27, 386-401.
  • Betsch, C. (2004). Präferenz für Intuition und Deliberation. Inventar zur Erfassung von affekt- und kognitionsbasiertem Entscheiden. [Preference for Intuition and Deliberation (PID): An Inventory for Assessing Affect- and Cognition-Based Decision-Making]. Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie, 25, 179-197.
  • Betsch, C., Betsch, T., & Haberstroh, S. (2004). Intuition: Wann Sie Ihren Bauch entscheiden lassen können. Wirtschaftspsychologie, 6, 81-83.
  • * Betsch, T., Haberstroh, S., & Höhle, C. (2002). Explaining and predicting routinized decision making: A review of theories. Theory & Psychology, 12, 453-488.


* published under maiden name Höhle

Invited Contributions

  • Betsch, C. (2010). Rolle des Internets als Forum für Impfkritik. Kapitel 4.5. des Nationalen Impfplans.
  • Betsch, C. & Renkewitz, F. (2009). Langfristige Auswirkungen einer Informationssuche auf impfkritischen Internetseiten. Prävention, 32, 125-128.

Book Chapters

  • Sachse, K. & Betsch, C. (2014). Impfinformationen im Internet: Segen oder Fluch für die Impfentscheidung? In: Rossmann, C. & Hastall, M.R. (Hrsg.) Medien und Gesundheitskommunikation: Befunde, Entwicklungen, Herausforderungen.Baden-Baden: Nomos.
  • Iannello, P., Antoniettin, A., & Betsch, C. (2011). Intuition in Teaching. In: M. Sinclair: Handbook of Intuition Research. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
  • Betsch, C. & Iannello, P. (2010). Measuring individual differences in intuitive and deliberate decision making styles - A comparison of different measures. In: A. Glöckner & C. Witteman (Eds.). Tracing Intuition: Recent Methods in Measuring Intuitive and Deliberate Processes in Decision Making. pp- 251 – 267. London: Psychology Press.
  • Betsch, C. (2008). Chronic preferences for intuition and deliberation in decision making: Lessons learned about intuition from an individual differences approach. In: H. Plessner, C. Betsch, & T. Betsch, (2007) (Eds.). Intuition in judgment and decision making. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Edited Books

Plessner, H., Betsch, C., & Betsch, T. (2008) (Eds). Intuition in judgment and decision making. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.