Professor of English and Applied Linguistics (Seminar für Sprachwissenschaft)


Mitarbeitergebäude 1 / room 608

+49 361 737-4349

Office hours

Tuesdays 3-4 p.m., by email appointment (

Visiting address

University of Erfurt
Nordhäuser Str. 63
99089 Erfurt

Mailing address

Universität Erfurt
School of Linguistics
Postfach 90 02 21
99105 Erfurt

Prof. Dr. Gila A. Schauer

Research Areas

You can find an overview of my research areas here.

Curriculum Vitae


10/2017 – 10/2019 Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Erfurt

10/2012 – 09/2014 Director of the Language Centre, University of Erfurt

since 05/2012 Professor of English and Applied Linguistics, University of Erfurt


09/2009 – 04/2012 Lecturer B, Department of Linguistics and English Language, Lancaster University

10/2005 – 04/2010 Director of the EAP/Study Skills Programms, Lancaster University

08/2005 – 08/2009 Lecturer A, Department of Linguistics and English Language, Lancaster University


2005 PhD in English Studies, School of English Studies, Nottingham University (Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Zoltan Dörnyei, Prof. Dr. Svenja Adolphs)

03/2003 – 06/2005 Research assistant of Prof. Svenja Adolphs, School of English Studies, Nottingham University

01/2003 – 06/2005  Seminar tutor, School of English Studies, Nottingham University

02/2002 - 01/2003 German for Business Purposes teacher, Language Service to Businesses, Nottingham University

2001 M.A. in English Studies (with distinction), School of English Studies, Nottingham University




Schauer, G. A. (2019). Teaching and Learning English in the Primary School: Interlanguage Pragmatics in the EFL context. Springer.

Reviewed by

  • Yuqing Zhang & Hang Su in Journal of Pragmatics (2020, 166, 42-43)
  • Changqing Zheng & Shujun Chen in System (2020, 94, 102360)

Schauer, G. A. (2009). Interlanguage pragmatic development: The study abroad context. Continuum/Bloomsbury.

Reviewed by

  • Celeste Kinginger in Applied Linguistics (2011, 32(5), 572-574), 
  • Silvia Rodriguez Sabater in The Modern Language Journal (2011, 95(2), 333-334),
  • Marcus Callies in The Year's Work in English Studies (2011, 123),
  • Shuai Li in Intercultural Pragmatics (2012, 9(1), 127-133).

Articles and book chapters

Schauer, G.A. (in press, 2022). Foreign language pragmatic development in an instructed secondary school context - investigating input and output focusing on the speech acts of agreement and disagreement. In Halenko, N. & Wang, J. (Eds.), Pragmatics and English Language Learning. Cambridge University Press.

Schauer, G.A. (in press, 2022). Exploring the potential of graphic novels for L2 pragmatic teaching and learning – focus on young learners. The Language Learning Journal.

Schauer, G.A. (2022). Teaching L2 Pragmatics to Young Learners: A Review Study. Applied Pragmatics.  [Open Access: ]

Schauer, G.A. (2022). Intercultural competence and pragmatics in the L2 classroom: views of in-service EFL teachers in primary, secondary and adult education. In McConachy, T. & Liddicoat, A. (Eds.), Teaching and Learning Second Language Pragmatics for Intercultural Understanding (pp. 173-198). Routledge.

Schauer, G.A. (2021). Email communication in English and in German: a contrastive pragmatic investigation of German university students’ emails sent to university staff in their native and foreign language. In Economidou-Kogetsidis, M., Halenko, N. & Savić, M. (Eds), Email Pragmatics and Second Language Learners (pp. 179-201). John Benjamins.

Schauer, G.A. (2021). Measuring intercultural competence. In Winke, P. & Brunfaut, T. (Eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Second Language Acquisition and Language Testing (pp. 359-370). Routledge.

Schauer, G.A. (2020). Lehrmaterialien für Sekundarschulschüler*innen mit speziellem Förderbedarf: eine kontrastive pragmatische Studie von Sprechakten in zwei Lehrwerken. In Glaser, K. & Limberg, H. (Eds.) Pragmatische Kompetenzen im schulischen Fremdsprachenunterricht (pp. 259-285). Peter Lang Verlag.

Culpeper, J., & Schauer, G.A. (2018). Pragmatics. In J. Culpeper, F. Katamba, P. Kerswill, T. McEnery and R. Wodak (Eds.) English Language: Description, variation and use (2nd ed.) (146-164). Palgrave / MacMillan.

Schauer, G.A. (2017). "It's really insulting to say something like that to anyone": an investigation of English and German native speakers' impoliteness perceptions. In I. Kecskes & S. Assimakopoulos (Eds.), Current Issues in Intercultural Pragmatics (pp. 207-227). John Benjamins.

Schauer, G.A. (2017). Leading by example and giving teachers a voice: Alan Waters' contribution to ELT.
(9 pages). urn:nbn:de:gbv:547-201700040 . URL:

Schauer, G.A. (2016). Assessing intercultural competence. In D. Tsagari & J. Banerjee (Eds.), Handbook of Second Language Assessment. (pp. 181-202) Mouton de Gruyter.

Schauer, G.A. (2016). Towards a model of group-based cyberbullying: combining verbal aggression and manipulation approaches with perception data to investigate the portrayal of transgender people in seven newspaper articles. (41 pages) urn:nbn:de:gbv:547-201600661 . URL:

Culpeper, J., Schauer, G.A., Marti, L., Mei, M. & Nevala, M. (2014). Impoliteness and emotions in a cross-cultural perspective. SPELL: Swiss Papers in English Language and Literature, 30, 67-88.

Schauer, G.A. (2012). Pragmatics and Grammar, In C.A. Chapelle (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics (pp. 4564-4571). Wiley-Blackwell.

Schauer, G.A. (2010). Study abroad and its effect on speech act performance. In A. Martinez Flor and E. Uso Juan (Eds.) Speech act performance: Theoretical, empirical and methodolgical issues (pp. 91-108). John Benjamins.

Culpeper, J., Marti, L., Mei, M., Nevala, M., & Schauer, G.A. (2010). Cross-cultural variation in the perception of impoliteness: A study of impoliteness events reported by students in England, China, Finland, Germany and Turkey. Intercultural Pragmatics, 7(4), 597-624.

Culpeper, J., & Schauer, G.A. (2009). Pragmatics. In J. Culpeper, F. Katamba, P. Kerswill, T. McEnery and R. Wodak (Eds.) English Language: Description, variation and use (pp. 202-220). Palgrave.

Schauer, G. A. (2008). Getting better in getting what you want: Language learners' pragmatic development in requests during study abroad sojourns. In M. Puetz & J. Neff-van Aertselaer (Eds.), Developing contrastive pragmatics: Interlanguage and cross-cultural perspectives (pp. 399-426). Mouton de Gruyter.

Schauer, G. A. (2007). Finding the right words in the study abroad context: The development of German learners' use of external modifiers in English. Intercultural Pragmatics, 4(2), 193-220.

Schauer, G. A. (2006). Pragmatic awareness in ESL and EFL contexts: Contrast and development. Language Learning, 56(2), 269-318.

Schauer, G. A. (2006). The development of ESL learners' pragmatic competence: A longitudinal investigation of awareness and production. In K. Bardovi-Harlig, C. Felix-Brasdefer & A. Omar (Eds.), Pragmatics and Language Learning (pp. 135-163). Second Language teaching and Curriculum Center University of Hawaii.

Schauer, G.A. (2006). Knowing when to say what to whom: A longitudinal investigation of students' pragmatic development in an L2 university context. LAUD Conference Publication.

Schauer, G. A., & Adolphs, S. (2006). Expressions of gratitude in corpus and DCT data: Vocabulary, formulaic sequences, and pedagogy. System, 34(1), 119-134.

Schauer, G. A. (2004). May you speak louder maybe? Interlanguage pragmatic development in requests. In S. H. Foster-Cohen, M. Sharwood Smith, A. Sorace & M. Ota (Eds.), EUROSLA Yearbook (Vol. 4, pp. 253-273).  John Benjamins.


2010, Review: Alcón Soler, E. & A. Martinez-Flor (Eds.) (2008). Investigating pragmatics in foreign language learning, teaching and testing. Applied Linguistics, 31(2), 313-316.

2007, Review: Cho, Yongkil (2005). Grammatik und Hoeflichkeit im Sprachvergleich. Direktive Handlungsspiele des Bittens, Aufforderns und Anweisen im Deutschen und Koreanischen. (A Comparison of Grammar and Politeness in German and Korean: Directive Language Games with Requests, Injunctions and Instructions). Journal of Politeness Research, 3(2), 325-329.



Teaching L2 pragmatics with children’s books and graphic novels, Storytelling in Primary CLIL Conference, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, 3rd June 2022.

Foreign language pragmatic development in an instructed context - investigating input and output, Teaching and Learning L2 Pragmatics conference at the University of Central Lancashire in Preston, England, 28-29 June, 2018.

Eliciting data with the Multimedia Elicitation Task: a comparison of learners' requests in study abroad and EFL contexts, Universitat Jaume I, Spain, 8-9 November 2007.

Invited presentations

L2 Pragmatics and teaching young learners: focus on input, Research in TESOL: New directions, new Practices and current challenges”,  University of Nicosia, Zypern, Online Event, 13th November 2021.

Teaching L2 pragmatics to young learners with children's books and graphic novels, ITAP Session on Pragmatics in Primary Education Online Event, 26 October 2021.

Teaching pragmatics in the EFL context: textbooks and other input options, Leuphana University, Lüneburg, 22 June 2015.

Interlanguage pragmatics: What learners need to learn and teachers need to teach,University of Bonn, 10 June 2013.

Developing productive and receptive pragmatic competence in the study abroad context: a multimedia investigation,University of Bristol, 15 February, 2006.

Conference presentations

Picturebooks, pragmatics and teaching young L2 learners of English: an investigation of five children’s books,  AILA 2021 Congress, Groningen, The Netherlands, 15-21 August 2021.

Being (dis)agreeable: investigating pragmatic strategies for agreeing and disagreeing in English as a foreign language (EFL) in secondary general and intermediate secondary schools in Germany, 15th International Pragmatics Conference, Belfast, Northern Ireland, 16 - 21 July, 2017.

Thanking and responding to thanks: Comparing speech act input provided in EFL textbooks & EFL learners' pragmatic output, 14th International Pragmatics Conference, Antwerp, Belgium, 26 - 31 July, 2015.

"It's really insulting to say something like that to anyone": an investigation of English and German native speakers' impoliteness perceptions, 6th International Conference on Intercultural Pragmatics and Communication , Valletta, Malta, 30 May - 1 June, 2014.

Impoliteness and culture: investigating English and German native speakers' perceptions of impoliteness events reported in England and Germany, Teaching and Learning (Im)politeness conference, London, 8-10 July, 2013.

Investigating the effect of explicit, implicit and no instruction on L2 learners’ use of apologies in the study abroad context,  44th the Annual Conference of the British Association of Applied Linguistics (BAAL), Bristol, 1-3 September, 2011. (co-presented with Nicola Halenko)

Sorry may not be enough: Examining the effects of explicit, implicit and no instruction on L2 learners’ interlanguage pragmatic development in the study abroad context,12th International Pragmatics Conference, Manchester, 3-8 July, 2011. (co-presented with Nicola Halenko)

Impoliteness across cultures: a comparative analysis of impoliteness events in English and German,  4th International Conference Intercultural Pragmatics, Madrid, Spain, 15-17 November, 2010. (co-presented with Jonathan Culpeper)

Impoliteness events in English and German: a cross-cultural investigation, 37. Oesterreichische Linguistiktagung, Salzburg, Austria, 5-7 December, 2009. (co-presented with Jonathan Culpeper)

Impoliteness in interpersonal interactions: a cross-cultural analysis of English and German, Annual Conference of the British Association of Applied Linguistics (BAAL), Newcastle, 3-5 September, 2009. (co-presented with Jonathan Culpeper)

Student-tutor communication in the university context: an intercultural pragmatic investigation, 15th World Congress of Applied Linguistics (AILA), Essen, Germany, 24-29 August, 2008.

The cross-cultural variation of impoliteness: A study of face-attack in impoliteness events reported by students in China, Britain, Germany and Turkey, 4th International Symposium on Politeness, Budapest, Hungary, 2-4 July, 2008. (co-presented with Jonathan Culpeper, Leyla Marti and Meilian Mei)

Communicating with university staff in a second language: frequent problems and possible solutions, BAAL Language Learning and Teaching SIG, Lancaster, 2-3 July, 2007.

Discussing students’ writing in academic tutorials: an interlanguage pragmatic investigation of institutional talk, Annual Conference of the American Association for Applied Linguistics (AAAL), Costa Mesa, USA, 21-24 April, 2007.

Which strategy? Language learners’ pragmatic choices in a study abroad and EFL context,  joint AAAL and ACLA Conference, Montreal, Canada, 17-20 June, 2006.

Knowing when to say what to whom: a longitudinal investigation of students’ pragmatic development in a L2 university context, 31st LAUD Symposium, Landau, Germany, 27-30 March, 2006.

Noticing the p’s and q’s: the development of ESL learners’ pragmatic proficiency, Annual Conference of the British Association of Applied Linguistics (BAAL), Bristol, 15-17 September, 2005.

The development of ESL learners' pragmatic competence: A longitudinal investigation of awareness and production, 16th International Conference on Pragmatics and Language Learning, Indiana University – Bloomington, USA, 14-16 April, 2005.

To be direct or not to be direct: Learners’ and native speakers’ use of directness levels in requests, Politeness Conference: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Language and Culture, Nottingham, 12 March, 2005.

Interlanguage pragmatic development from two angles: production and comprehension, Annual Conference of the British Association of Applied Linguistics (BAAL), London, 9-11 September, 2004.

The development of pragmatic awareness: A longitudinal study, Annual Conference of the American Association for Applied Linguistics (AAAL), Portland, OR, USA, 1-4 May, 2004.

May you speak louder maybe? Interlanguage pragmatic development in requests, Annual Conference of the European Second Language Association (EUROSLA), Edinburgh, 18-21 September, 2003.



  • Applied Linguistics
  • Arts and Humanities in Higher Education
  • Canadian Modern Language Review
  • Glottotheory
  • Intercultural Communication Education
  • Intercultural Pragmatics
  • International Review of Applied Linguistics
  • Journal of Language and Politics
  • Journal of Pragmatics
  • Language and Linguistics Compass
  • Language Learning
  • Language Teaching
  • Language Teaching Research
  • Language Testing
  • Modern Language Journal
  • Pragmatics & Society
  • SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics
  • Studies in Second Language Acquisition
  • Study Abroad Research in Second Language Acquisition and International Education
  • System
  • TESOL Quarterly

Publishing houses

  • Bloomsbury
  • De Gruyter Mouton
  • John Benjamins
  • Routledge
  • Springer
  • Wiley
  • University of Hawaii Press

Founding Bodies

  • Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (D)
  • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (D)
  • Economics and Social Research Council (UK)
  • National Science Foundation (US)
  • Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO, Netherlands)


Lectures and Seminars

Lectures and Seminars

  • Master
    • Researching Language in Society
    • Researching Topics in Second Language Acquisition
    • Researching Topics in L2 Teaching
    • Topics in Discourse Analysis
    • Topics in ELT and SLA
    • Topics in Intercultural Language Education
    • Topics in Language and Gender
  • Bachelor
    • Discourse Analysis
    • Introduction to Applied Linguistics
    • Issues in Applied Linguistics
    • Language and Gender
    • Second Language Acquisition
    • Semantics & Pragmatics (with Prof. Hampe)

PhD Supervision


  • Investigating the effect of implicit and explicit pragmatic instruction on EFL learners  (2014, joint supervision with Prof. Dr. Geoffrey Leech, Lancaster University)
  • The diffential effects of explicit and implicit instruction on EFL learners' acquisition of epistemic stance (2011, joint supervision with Prof. Dr. Jonathan Culpeper, Lancaster University)


MA Dissertation Supervision

MA Dissertations (Selection)

  • Investigating the representation of African-American characters in US-movies in 2016: a discourse analytical approach
  • Women on Youtube: A corpus analysis of youtube content generated by females
  • Interlanguage pragmatic development in the study abroad context: comparing requests produced by German learners of Spanish and Spanish native speakers
  • Investigating political discussions on tv with a special focus on gender: using discourse analysis to investigate moderators' and guests' language use
  • Researching language and gender: an investigation of English textbooks for German secondary schools
  • A cross-cultural comparision of commissive speech acts: a comparison of German and Spanish commissives
  • The potential of ELT textbooks for teaching intercultural competence: An analysis of two recent examples: Green Line and Context
  • Basic and extended formulaic sequences in international EFL textbooks

BA Dissertation Supervision

BA Dissertations (Selection)

  • An interlanguage pragmatic investigation of expressions of gratitude & ressponses to expressions of gratitude
  • Analysing speech acts in EFL materials: expressing an opinion in secondary school EFL materials
  • EFL learners' pragmatic developmennt in a German secondary school
  • A stylistic comparative investigation of a novel and a digital transformative work
  • The linguistic representation of gender in children's literature
  • Gender and Compliments: a contrastive analysis of male and female American native speakers' use of compliments
  • CDA Analysis of political speeches
  • A variational pragmatic investigations of speech acts in American and British English
  • A cross-cultural investigation of speech acts in English and Greek


External Examining


2021 ‘The effects of sex and native culture on the apology performance of EFL learners and English native speakers', Leuphana University, Lüneburg, Germany

2018 ‘An Exploratory Study of Expressing Disagreement in ELF Academic Group Discussion’, Lancaster University, England

2018 ‘Online sarcasm and its perception by second language learners: The case of Iraqi EFL learners in Iraq and the UK’, Lancaster University, England

2011 ‘Cross-cultural pragmatics: requests, and request refusals in Palestinian Arabic and British English’, Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Belgien


2008 - 2014 External Examiner for MA in Applied Linguistics at the University of Manchester, England.



University level (Selection)

06/2020 -                 WISEflow digital assessment project team (member)

11/2019 –                 Library Committee, University of Erfurt (member, vice chair 12/2020 -)

01/2018 – 07/2018  Working party on university teaching, University of Erfurt (member)             

01/2018 –                 International Committee, University of Erfurt (member)  

10/2017 – 09/2019  Senate, University of Erfurt (permanent guest with speaking rights)

10/2017 – 09/2019  Christoph Martin Wieland Research Committee, University of Erfurt (member)

10/2017 – 09/2019  Consilium Decanale, University of Erfurt (member)

01/2015 – 10/2017  Bibliotheksausschuss, University of Erfurt (Vice Chair 01/2016 –10/2017, member 01/2015 – 10/2017)

07/2014 – 06/2017  Equal Opportunities Committee, University of Erfurt (member)

10/2012 – 10/2017  Board of the Language Centre, University of Erfurt (Chair 10/2012 – 9/2014, then member)

10/2012 – 09/2014  Director of the Language Centre, University of Erfurt

2007 – 2009              Lancaster University International Study Centre Management Board (member)


10/2017 – 09/2019 Finance and Staffing committee, University of Erfurt (Chair) 

10/2017 – 10/2019 Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Erfurt

05/2012 –                Faculty board of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Erfurt (member 05/2012 – 09/2017, chair 10/2017 – 09/2019, elected member 10/2019 -)


10/2015 – 10/2016  Coordinator BA English & American Studies,  MEd English, University of Erfurt

03/2011 – 05/2012  Coordinator MA in Applied Linguistics Double Degree with Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Lancaster University

01/2012 - 05/2012  Departmental MA Studies Committee (Mitglied), Lancaster University

01/2011 – 05/2012  Director of Studies für MA Programme: Language Studies, Discourse Studies, English Language and Literary Studies, Lancaster University

2011                          Departmental Postgraduate Studies Committee (Member), Lancaster University

01/2006 – 05/2006  Departmental Visiting Students & Scholars Coordinator, Lancaster University

09/2005 – 09/2006  Departmental Disability Officer, Lancaster University

2005 – 2008              Departmental Staffing Committee (Member), Lancaster University

2005 – 2012              Departmental Board (Member), Lancaster University