| Faculty of Philosophy, Historisches Seminar, Religion, Society, and World Relations, Research

New publication on colonialism as a transnational endeavour

How did Western states act as colonial powers and what influence does this still have on colonial structures today? Dr Florian Wagner, Academic Fellow in European History in Global Perspective at the University of Erfurt, addresses this question in his new book "Colonial Internationalism and the Governmentality of Empire, 1893-1982", now published by Cambridge University Press.

In 1893, a group of colonial officials from thirteen countries abandoned their imperial rivalry and established the International Colonial Institute (ICI), which became the world's most important colonial think tank of the twentieth century. Through the lens of the ICI, Florian Wagner argues that this international cooperation reshaped colonialism as a transimperial and governmental policy.

The book demonstrates that the ICI's strategy of using indigenous institutions and customary laws to encourage colonial development served to maintain colonial rule even beyond the official end of empires. By selectively choosing loyalists among the colonized to participate in the ICI, it increased their autonomy while equally delegitimizing more radical claims for independence. The publication presents a detailed study of the ICI's creation, the transcolonial activities of its prominent members, its interactions with the League of Nations and fascist governments, and its role in laying the groundwork for the structural and discursive dependence of the Global South after 1945. In his work Florian Wagner combines transnational and colonial history to provide the first account of the International Colonial Institute. He demonstrates the long continuity of colonialism by connecting internationalism of the 1890s with international development policies of the post-1945 era and offers readers insight into the underlying racism and colonialism that accompanied most Western activities in the Global South.

Florian Wagner
Colonial Internationalism and the Governmentality of Empire, 1893–1982
Cambridge University Press, 2022
ISBN: 9781316512838
324 pages
90 £