Social benefits according to social code II ("SGB II")
Usually students are not entitled to benefits according to social code II ("SGB II").
(1) Minor children have their own claim to benefits. Thus, if a parent has no entitlement himself or herself on the basis of his or her full-time studies, he or she can still assert a claim for his or her child (cf. §27, pragapraph 2 SGB II / §24, parapraph 3 no. 2 SGB II / §21 SGB II). For example, one-off allowances for clothing and initial equipment for pregnancy and childbirth can be applied for (§24, paragraph 3 no. 2 SGB II).
(2) Part-time students who are generally not entitled to BAFöG and who study less than 20 hours per week are entitled to jobseeker's allowance II (§7, paragraph 5 SGB II)
(3) Students on leave of absence are entitled to Unemployment Benefit II if no academic achievements are actually being made (i.e. no courses attended, no examinations taken) and the leave of absence has been applied for, e.g. for reasons of maternity leave or childcare (BSG Terminbericht Nr. 17/12 Punkt 5).
Specialist advice is recommended. Your contact persons are the Jobcenter Erfurt and the Social Counselling Office of the student services organisation ("Studierendenwerk Thüringen").